1 Feb 2011
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soc203 january 17
Marx
-one of the greatest contributions marx makes is in the area of historical sociology
-3 component elements of Marx’s theory
-the first is hegel- he was a student of hegels
-Marx internalized the dialectical way of thinking
-the second component is french socialism (st. simon and others)
-the third component is english political economy- adam smith, david ricardo, james mill,
Malthus
-Marx took political refuge in england for 30 years
-hegel believed that Reason and Spirit immanent
-hegel realized that nothing is static and the fact that everything is in flux was
fundamental to his thinking
-Marx would say it is unreasonable to send people into an unnecessary war
-Development for hegel means overcoming an internal contradiction
-the utilitarians had said that you should practice laissez faire
-the historical truth is that it never really worked that way anywhere
-St. Simon and other thinkers decided that the only way to overcome the defects of the
current system was to have rational planning of the economy. And the planners should
be the scientists. And its to be an authoritarian elitist system
-Is it possible to have a democratic form of socialism?
-was Marx a democrat because he does in fact use some authoritarian language
-the reason the term political economy is used instead of economics is because it is a
nationalist idea
-Marx recognized that as a result of the industrial revolution that you no longer had the
kind of capitalist competition
-what capital really means is not just property but rather the kind of wealth that allows
you to employ people
-Marx was among the first that there was a concentration of capital in fewer and fewer
hands
-As a result of the expansion of the industrial revolution a new class emerged that was
different to any class that had existed previously in history
-prior to the industrial revolution there wasnt really such a thing as unskilled labor
-in fact in ancient rome there was a small class of unskilled labor but it was not a
growing class whereas what Marx noticed of the proletariat class was how fast the class
was growing
-alienation is the failure to recognize oneself in the otherness that one creates
-if we really recognized ourselves in others we would never enslave them etc.
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