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Test #1 Review

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University of Toronto St. George
Sheldon Ungar

Sociology Test #1 Review New Society 6e, chapters 1, 2, and 3 Chapter 1: Introduction Suicide Sociology: Emile Durkheim French, one of pioneers: suicide more than just individual act of desperation resulting from psychological disorderstrongly influenced by social forces Psychological disorder causes suicide if suicide rates: High where rates psychological disorder high AND Low where rates psychological disorder low Collected statistics form mental institutions & government documents to see the rate of suicide & rate of mental illness in different population of the country Rate of anything is the number of cases of instances per 1000 or 100,000 people. Not the absolute case in each category 4 male suicide for every 1 female suicide Major religions in France: Jews had highest rate of illness but lowest rate of suicides Found no relationship between any rates of suicide. That suicide is the result of any known mental illness Suicide rates vary because differences in degree of social solidity in the different groups, determined by the frequency its members interact and the degree they share beliefs, values & morals Suicide rates are lowers at intermediate levels of social solidarity and highest at low and high levels of social solidarity Women more likely to commit suicide: more involved in intimate social relations of family life Protestants vs. Jews is based on the notion that each individual must find their own path to god Catholics are more collective than Protestants & therefore protestants have high suicide rate Seniors more prone than young and middle-ages are to commit suicide, because most likely live alone, have lost spouse and lack job and wide network of friends As social solidarity increases, the rate of suicide declines Types of suicide: altruistic, egoistic & anomic Altruistic: suicides that occur in high solidarity; norms tightly govern behaviour, so individual actions are often in the group interest Egoistic: lack of integration of individual into society because of weak social ties to others. Anomic: norms governing behaviour are vaguely defined (Anomic means without order). Sociologists today: seek to identity a social problem that may be regarded as important for political, intellectual
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