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Reading Lec 12 - Global Inequality

3 Pages
111 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Sheldon Ungar

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Sociology January 26th, 2011.
Development and Underdevelopment
New Society – Ch. 9
What is Development?
After WII development – process that generates economic growth,
industrialization, and modernization in region and countries perceived to be poor,
traditional, and underdeveloped
Recently development – progress for women, empowerment of underprivileged,
and environmental sustainability
2 main factors motivated interest in development after WWII:
1.Cold War
-Broke out b/w developed capitalist countries led by U.S. and communist countries
led by Soviet Union
- Involved intense competition b/w 2 rival blocs to amass power by gaining
influence and control over less developed countries
2.Business in developed West (U.S.) were interested in new markets outside
traditional spheres of operation
-Latin Am9erica, Africa, and Asia, were great interests to Western powers for
geopolitical and economic reasons
1960s modernization theory – emphasizes importance of value and norms as
drivers of development
All modernization theories assume that most of responsibility for economic
backwardness lies w/ societies of “third world” or “global south” themselves
Modernization theorists: development happens when citizens of poor countries
adopt virtues of development North. If they fail to do so, remain pathological,
underdeveloped state
Dependency theory – challenged notion that development is due to deficiencies
of less developed countries. Did so by taking holistic viewrecognizing each
part of world is shaped by, and helps shape, a wider, global reality—and attending
to history and structure of relations b/w countries
Dependency theorists: economic and social relationships b/wmetropolitan
powers, Spain, Portugal, Britain and France, and “satellite regions, of global
south. Focusing on Latin America and Caribbean, establish that nature of
relationship b/w metropolitan powers and satellite regions that blocked economic
progress in global south
Another disruptive relationship b/w Europe and global south was West African
slave trade—undermined traditional state structures and forms of governance in
West Africa and created ethnic hostility
Agrarian Class Structure and Underdevelopment:
www.notesolution.com

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Description
th Sociology January 26 , 2011. Development and Underdevelopment New Society Ch. 9 What is Development? After WII development process that generates economic growth, industrialization, and modernization in region and countries perceived to be poor, traditional, and underdeveloped Recently development progress for women, empowerment of underprivileged, and environmental sustainability 2 main factors motivated interest in development after WWII: 1. Cold War - Broke out bw developed capitalist countries led by U.S. and communist countries led by Soviet Union - Involved intense competition bw 2 rival blocs to amass power by gaining influence and control over less developed countries 2. Business in developed West (U.S.) were interested in new markets outside traditional spheres of operation - Latin Am9erica, Africa, and Asia, were great interests to Western powers for geopolitical and economic reasons 1960s modernization theory emphasizes importance of value and norms as drivers of development All modernization theories assume that
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