SOC101Y1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Japa, 20Th Century Women, Sandwich Generation

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7 Apr 2012
Sociology Test #3 Study Notes
Chapter 7- Gender Inequality
Affirmative Action: comprises policies and programs designed to create opportunities
for, and to further the achievements of, historically disadvantaged groups in the labor
Employment Equity: principle of equal treatment of all groups in the paid labor force
Equal pay for work of equal value: program that seeks to equalize the wage rates of-
fered for different jobs that are of comparable worth or value
Feminism: the body of knowledge about the cause and nature of women’s subordina-
tion to men in society
Gender Inequality: inequalities between men and women in the distribution of power,
material well-being and prestige.
Gender Stereotypes: set of prejudicial generalizations about men and women based
on the belief that sex determines distinct personality traits (causes men and women to
experience the world in different ways)
Glass Ceiling: level in an organization above which women and members of minorities
are seldom found
Labor Force Participation Rate: percentage of the population, age 15 and older that is
in the paid labor force
Material Well-Being: having access to the economic resources necessary to pay for
adequate food, clothing, housing and possessions
Nonstandard Work: one or more of different types of employment ex part time, part
year, limited term etc
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Part-time Work: refers to jobs involving fewer hours of work than is the norm for full-
time work
Power: the capacity to influence and control others, regardless of any resistance they
might offer
Prestige: social ranking in which certain jobs stand at the top of the hierarchical order
depending on the amount of respect, honor or deterrence the person in the position has
Public Policy: the government’s stance on issues and problems that are expressed
through actions or statements
Sex Segregation of Occupations: refers to the concentration of women and men in
different occupations
Sex Typing (sex labeling) of Occupations: the designation of an occupation as “fe-
male” or “male” depending on the sex for whom it is appropriate
Skill: the ability or expertise in performing a given technique or task
Social Movement: collective attempt to change part or all of society by rioting, petition-
ing, striking, political parties etc
Social Roles: expectations and behaviors associated with particular positions in soci-
Standard Work: full-time, full-year employment accompanied by job-related benefits
Statistical Discrimination: occurs when negative decisions concerning the hiring or
promotion of an individual are made on the basis of the average characteristics of the
group to which the individual belongs
Visible Minority: category of non-white people who may face discrimination in hiring
and promotion
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