NS + SLDI Readings

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101Y1
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Semester
Winter

Description
SOC101Y1 Week 20: Research Methods March 30, 2011 and Apr. 6, 2011-04-11 NEW SOCIETY -Objectivity: observations should be free of distorting effects of persons values + expectations -Problem of induction: no matter how many observations you make, you cannot infer next observation -meaningful action: activities meaningful to ppl involved eg. Humans react self- consciously when aware of being observed -mere association or correlation between one thing and another does NOT prove causation* -spurious: false claim Causal Relationships -in a causal relationship, a change or variation in one thing produces a changevariation in another -if 4 basic conditions are met, causality may be established 1) 2 variables must be associated or correlated -eg. Likelihood of premature births + poverty 2) The cause (independent variable) must precede the effect (dependent variable) -eg. Poverty must
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