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Midterm

SOC101Y1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Feudalism, Oligarchy, Solidarity

1 pages83 viewsFall 2012

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
M.Young
Study Guide
Midterm

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Theories
Mainpoints/Arugments
Karl Marx
Conflict Theory
Lecture 4
Alienated work
Division of work
- Capitalist and workers would be nationwide classes
(space between for a classless society)
- Bourgeoisie exploited and dominated the proletariat
- Paying them poor wages in a bad working
condition/long hours
- Benefiting middle class, depriving lower class
- Theorized one day the poor will realize their common
goals and interests, forming unions to overthrow the
rich
- Believed a socialist society(all equal) could be happy
Max Weber
Lecture 2
- individual action and group action is important in
society
- Inequality exists whenever socially constructed
limitations prevent specific individuals or groups form
having access to strategic resources, which are
available to others in the same social situation
Emile Durkheim
Functionalism
Lecture 5
- Society becomes increasingly heterogeneous
- Social solidarity: collective conscious, interdependence
of individuals
- Social facts: society is emergence
- Stable society needs functionally interrelated
institutions
- Everything in society has a place in society, thus it will
function properly
Roberto Michels
Arguing against
Marx
Lecture 4
- The iron law of Oligarchy: technical organization would
be a source of inequality
- Technical reason, political expediency, motivational
factors, leaders and the lead
Feudalism
Lecture 2
- highly decentralized socio-political center
- king, clergy(church)&lords/nobility, vassals/knights,
peasants
Caste System
Lecture 2
- Closed system (social group) wealth and domination
was inherited and permanent
-
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