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[SOC102H1] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 15 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC102H1
Professor
Lorne Tepperman
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTSG
SOC102H1
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

CHAPTER 3: GENDER INEQUALITIES
INSIDER VIEWS
-Men are blind to gender inequalities
-They argue that mistreatment and disadvantage such as sexual assault is due to poor
choices
Some of the Strategies insiders use to justify the status quo, making it seem fairer than it is.
Men’s Right Movements:
-They note norms of masculinity impede men like it does to women
-Emerged in late 20th century – took it to an extreme – felt female privilege (advantages
granted to females) is leading to “male oppression”
-These activist suggest patriarchy (system at which male are in power) and male
dominance is the most effective way in organizing society, while feminism is putting
society in danger
-Michael Kimmel: “ ‘men’s liberation’ was born in parallel critique of the male sex role. If
women were imprisoned in the home, all housework and domestic drudgery, men were
exiled from home, turned into soulless robotic worker, in harness to a masculine
mystique, so that their only capacity for nurturing was through their wallets.”
oMen start to rebel against gender conformity – supporting women’s movement
oWhile some were angry because women are being protected in new law and
gaining progress in school and work
-They noted men also suffer from domestic violence – which is correct – however
statistic shows women experience it way more than men does
-Also noted that women receives alimony and most times granted the custody of their
children during divorce – female privilege
oNot true – it’s due to mother’s “natural” caring impulse and work place inequlity
-Misogynist: prejudice against women
Domestic Violence:
-Insiders likely to hold these views:
oVictim blaming - and try to justify the action of perpetrator
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oMinimize the problem by saying that there are awareness and prevention
initiatives
Ex. There are shelters for intimate partner violence(IPV) victims
-Even with various support programs many women still suffer from violence in silence
and some in poverty because they had to leave their abusive husband from with their
children.
The Gendered division of Labour
-Women filled jobs left opened by men during WWII but were laid off or some willingly
left work when men came back from the war
-Between 1970s – 1980s female labour participation rate increase by 85%
-Late 1980s 2/3 Canadian couples were “dual earners” – both husband and wife worked
-Marxist theorist – our capitalist society requires the low-cost social reproduction of
workforce from one generation to the next – family is the best way
-Insiders point to recent anti-discrimination policies as proof of gender equality
oThere must be an equal amount of men and women employee
SECOND OPINION:
-Social institutions are shaped by and contribute to perpetuate male privilege – over
centuries it is normalized and rationalized by patriarchal value system and institutions
Appearance Norms:
-Women are more likely then men to be discontent with their appearance and take
extreme measures to alter it – especially weight loss
-since 1992 cosmetic surgery has increased by 165%
-Sociocultural model of eating disorder – influenced heavily by media’s portrayal of
overly thin female body – lead to two different responses:
oInternalizing standard of thinness - Dissatisfied with their own body – social
comparison theory (determining their social & personal worth based on how
they compare to others) – want to fix it
oInternalizing other’s reaction to their body – judging their own body from third-
person point of view - conform to society
The Social Construction of Beauty
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