Lecture 1 SOC102.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC102H1
Professor
Teppermann
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture1SOC10302032013Lecture1010813SocialInstitutionswillposthislectureslidesbeforethelecturebuttheywillbeaboutathirdincompleteinstitutionisarelativelystablesharedpatternofbehaviourbasedonrelativelystablevaluesmeetspeoplesmostimportantneedsordersupportmeaningnoinstitutionsexistwithoutsocialinteractionsocinstitutionsarestablepatternsofbehaviourcreatedandmaintainedthrusocialinteractioninteractionasociallyrecognizedpatternofinterrelatedactsegdatingritualspredictableslowchangingfamiliarsocialinstitutionsaresocialstructuressociologyisthestudyofsocialstructuresallhavethreethingsincommon1theycontrolus2theychangeus3theybothresistandproducesocialchangediffstructuresarebasedondiffprinciplesoforganizationcomparetheunderlyingprinciplesorfamiliesvsgovvsbusinessesegexpressivevsinstrumentalorientationorinternalvsexternalfocusorcomparetheorganizationofmarketsclansandhierarchiesegarmiesmarketorientedsocialorganizationismuchmorelikelythanothertypesoforganizationtovaluegettingthejobdoneiemorallyneutralmarketisnotonlyprotectiveorderlyorbenevolentcantrunallinstitutionsbythesamerulesJacobsSystemsofSurvival1992moralpreceptsguardiansyndromevsmoralpreceptscommercesyndromeonBlackboardwhatchangessocialstructuresdriversofchangetowardsmodernitythreedriversofchangeDurkheimspecializationMarxcommodificationWeberrationalizationsociologysemergenceabout200yrsagonewsocialprobsarosefromindustrializationurbanizationpoliticalrevolutionsalsoimportantTheEnlightenmentperiodwdevelopmentofscienceresearchoutsideofchurchestheriseofsciencenewquestioningofreligiousbeliefandtraditiontworevolutionsarekeytogrowthofsociologyIndustrialRevolutionFrenchRevolutionthreefoundersnotingandexplainingdiffssociologistsandsocialphilosophershavealwaystriedtoexplaindiffsbetweensocietieswhywedothingsthiswayandtheydothingsthatwayegHerodotuswroteaboutdiffsbetweenGreeksPersiansandEgyptiansegVolitairewroteaboutdiffsbetweentheEnglishProtestantsandFrenchCatholicsexplainingnotblamingsocialtheorizingmovesusawayfromideasofblameguiltsinandwrongdoingeveryonehasagencyandfreewillalsoconstrainedandmanipulatedalsotoblameforsomethingtoagreaterorlesserdegreelookingforsocialcausesinseeminglyuniqueorrandomcircumstancesegwhatarethesocialcausesofaccidentsiehowunforeseenorrandomunpredictableareaccidentsagreatmanypplfalldown43millCanadiansengaged12oroldersufferedaninjurysevereenoughtolimittheirusualactivitiesin20092010oldpplandadolescentsareatthehighestriskoffallinjuries63ofseniorsandonehalfofadolescentswereinjuredinfallsyoungpplaged1219espmaleshadthehighestlikelihoodoffallsaccidentrisksarerelatedtospecifactivities23injuriesamongadolescentswerelinkedtosportsamongworkingageadultssportsandworkwererelatedtoalmosthalfofallinjuriesbackgroundfactsabouttraumaticbraininjuryvictimsinacurrentstudynearlytwothirdsofallourfallvictimsaremalethreequartershavewitnessedexperiencedorexhibitedviolentbehaviourinlife40havehadtraumaticchildhoodexperiencenearlytwothirdsofourfallinjuriescanbeatleastpartiallyexplainedbyoneormoreofthefollowingthreefactors1preexistingmedicalconditions2behaviouralstylesthatincreaseriskofinjury3externalstressorseglackofsleepwhichincreaseinattentivenessrecurringthemesinourstudyphysicalabuseorviolenceinchildhoodmany
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