Racial & Ethnic Inequalities

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8 Feb 2011
Lecture 4: Racial and Ethnic Inequalities February 1 st
Around the world, racial and ethnic conflicts still erupt in genocidal bloodbaths that kill
thousands of people
There may be economic reasons
The economic system produces class inequalities, as Marx and Weber have argued
People of different racial and ethnic groups are streamed into these classes; and the
ideological system legitimates the resulting racial inequalities
America is a “melting pot, trying to make all their citizens Americanized
A race is a set of people with physical or genetic characteristics that are deemed to
produce identifiable differences in appearance. Ex: hair colour, features,
An ethnic group is a set of people who consider themselves to share common
characteristics that distinguish them from other groups in a society
Marx: believed capitalists class used ethnicity and race to set workers against each other
so that workers would have a difficult time mobilizing.
Members of an ethnic group mainly share cultural characteristics such as religion,
occupation, language or politics
Ethnic groups form communities, some manage better than others to survive as
One of the factors influencing a communities survival is demographics, which is the
Ethnic groups are always concerned about people leaving, always concerned with people
Just as people continuous people joining, theres a continuous number of people
Under what conditions will people leave and what conditions will they join?
Chain migration: determines international patterns of who goes where,
If you want Canada to be a melting pot, then what you want to do is underline the
formation of ethnic groups
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Document Summary

Just as people continuous people joining, there"s a continuous number of people outflowing: under what conditions will people leave and what conditions will they join, chain migration: determines international patterns of who goes where, He was living in greece and there was constant warfare in greece between greeks, persians, egyptians: totems and collective consciousness, the collective consciousness was based ultimately on blood and kinship. It was also based on ritual objects called totems". It creates a sense of belongingness and social solidarity. I t"s not about what is being worshipped or why it"s the fact that it creates social solidarity, chipmunk has an intrinsic meaning. Luba came from a ukrainian background: on her parents" wall was a picture of bohdan chmeilnicki (or khmelnytsky, a famous ukrainian-cossack hero of the 17th century. He called these groups status groups : benedict anderson coined the term imagined communities to describe people who group together around a common history and culture.

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