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SOC 102 Fall 2012 Test 1 - Final - ANSWERS.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Lorne Tepperman

Sociology 102 Fall 2012 Test #1 Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate your answer by blacking in the relevant box on the SCANTRON sheet. Be sure to print your name and student number clearly on the answer sheet. Part A: According to the lectures, 1. Snippens (S-N-P-N-S) in this course refers to: a. Political policies that create and sustain inequality b. Social practices that cut some people out of social activities c. Forms of economic explanation that rely on cutting salaries d. Habitual practices and narratives we use to enact inequality* e. Social movements that battle inequality 2. The example of Ms. Jones fourth grade classroom illustrates the fact that: a. There is no perfect, unambiguous definition of fairness* b. In any situation, there is a single, clear definition of fairness c. Inequality in schools causes inequality in society as a whole d. Inequality exists in every domain, even when teachers are very fair 3. The statement that sociologists are interested in how people invent or construct (unnatural) inequalities means ______. a. inequalities are the fictional creation of revolutionaries b. there is no such thing as natural inequalities c. inequalities are the invention of poor people d. inequality is more beneficial than damaging to society e. inequalities must be justified and performed* 4. Habits of inequality tend to be strengthened by ALL of the following cultural patterns EXCEPT: a. Socialization b. Secularism* c. Militarism d. Traditionalism e. Religiosity 1 5. Harry Braverman argues that evidence from the twentieth century suggests: a. With increasing specialization, work has become more skilled and complex b. For most people, work has become more degraded, brainless, and alienating* c. Hand-work cannot be compared to head-work in a sociological analysis of classes th d. The 19 century Marxist analysis of class inequality was incorrect e. Social classes dont really exist in the workplace under modern capitalism 6. Webers notion of domination was important because it stressed that: a. Power exists only when there is social inequality b. Power has little to do with economic exploitation and everything to do with religion c. Domination is a power relationship that implies voluntary compliance or obedience* d. Domination is a power relationship that requires coercion and involuntary submission e. Married women get the kind of treatment they ask for or willingly submit to 7. One important thing that distinguishes disadvantaged social classes from other disadvantaged groups (e.g., women, racial minorities) is that: a. Social classes do not tend to include other disadvantaged groups b. As long as teachers are fair, students do not experience inequality c. Social classes have no easy-to-spot distinguishing features* d. Members of the working class are unaware of the class consciousness e. Unemployed people do not belong to classes, whatever their race or gender 8. Narratives of blame like the so-called culture of poverty are: a. Used by disadvantaged groups to blame powerful groups for social inequality b. Bedtime stories that wealthy parents tell their children to scare them c. Morality tales that religious leaders use in sermons to motivate hard work d. Socially constructed accounts that attach social or moral qualities to different groups* e. Socio-historical accounts of the evolution of inequality 9. According to Pierre Bourdieu, cultural capital can be defined as: a. A major world city such as Paris or New York that is rich in art galleries, museums, orchestras, and other high culture b. Any resource that has high-enough status that people will trade their financial capital to gain it: e.g., a Mercedes Benz auto c. Social network connections that can be used to get ahead in ones career d. Monetary assets that can be used to culture oneself for the purpose of upward social mobility e. Non-financial social assets that promote upward social mobility* 10. The second demographic transition refers to: a. A transition to individualized, liberalized relations between consenting adults* b. A gradual decline in fertility that results from the gradual decline in mortality c. A sudden rise in childbearing, like the Baby Boom, that results from uncontrolled sex d. The balancing out of a nations fertility and mortality rates e. The transition to a secularized, capitalist society in developing countries 2 11. Edward Saids concept of Orientalism is important because it highlights: a. The misconceptions about Western thought in the East b. The historical development of ethnic conflicts, tensions and inequalities c. The social construction of ethnic stereotypes and differences* d. The natural differences between Chinese people and North Americans e. The social differences between European Israelis and Asian Israelis Part B: According to the material in Reading Sociology, 12. Men spend more time in paid employment than women; additionally, they__________. a. spend their leisure time in active rather than passive activities b. spend their leisure time helping with unpaid forms of labour, like housework c. have less leisure time than women d. have the same amount of leisure time as women e. have more leisure time than women * 13. Pay equity is based on comparisons of __________. a. mens and womens minimum wages b. mens and womens average annual salaries c. the pay gap between the highest and lowest paid jobs d. work mainly done by women and work mainly done by men * e. skill requirements for male jobs and for female jobs 14. Which of the following is NOT associated with global events such as the Olympics? a. Decreased police presence * b. Reorganization of public spaces c. Gentrification d. Unequal spatial distributions e. The creation of red zones 15. What effect have measures to reduce societal violence had on workplace violence in particular? a. They are poorly aimed at the issue * b. They have only reduced violence in certain workplaces c. They have successfully reduced workplace violence d. They have made it a major public concern e. They have unintentionally increased workplace violence 16. Workplace violence during daytime shifts in group homes is _______ compared to night time shifts. a. underreported b. almost nonexistent c. more frequent and intense * d. less frequent and intense e. better regulated 3 17. Americans who enter nursing homes are only eligible for Medicaid if they ______. a. have pension plans b. meet the age requirement c. have severe disabilities d. have no personal resources left * e. are in debt 18. The Chatelaine article on Fort McMurrays oil industry states that men engage in negative behavior such as adultery and drug use. The article implies that __________. a. only young men engage in these behaviours b. men are not personally responsible for this behavior * c. married men do not engage in these behaviours d. most men do not engage in this behavior; only a select few participate e. men are less likely than women to engage in this behavior 19. The cultural ideas of masculinity in the Caribbean lead to ___________ views of homosexuality. a. accepting b. liberal c. tolerant d. negative * e. relatively indifferent 20. By ignoring the socio-historical factors affecting Muslim womens lives, secularist Western feminists __________. a. ignore the role of Islam b. demystify Islam c. dispel stereotypes d. liberate Muslim women e. help sustain stereotypes * 21. Crime in a mystery novel can invite reflection on the broader __________. a. division of labour b. material environment c. moral order * d. social inequality e. political system 22. Which of the following offer both instrumental and expressive support to new immigrants? a. Faith institutions * b. Canadian assimilation associations c. Educational institutions d. Government programs e. Municipal programs 4
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