Subjective elements - affects our emotional reaction to information we receive about the
Social imagination - ability to make connection on a personal level (micro), the social world
(macro) and between personal or private troubles and public issues * C. Write Mills
- Micro sociology vs. Macro sociology - interactions of individuals in small groups, social
trends occurring on a larger scale
Social structure factors - personal issues that one needs to deal with, i.e mental health, such
factors may increase problem behaviours. It is important to identify them in order to
understand the behaviours of people.
Spin doctor - promotes a self- interested concern, belief of wish, often at the expense of the
truth, i.e lying.
Moral entrepreneurs - will try to solve problems when they think something 'wrong' or
'evil' is being done.
Claims making - labels those ho are assumed to be the cause or the instigator of a problem.
Institutional ethnology - designed by Dorothy Smith, intended to help research explore the
social organization of every day knowledge.
Whistle- blowers - are usual claims makers who gain credibility for speaking out contrary to
their own immediate interests and those of their employer.
Moral panic - public expressions of feelings based on false or exaggerated perceptions
Meton's theory of anomie - people reacting differently to social disadvantage and so they
will react accordingly
Latent functions - consequences of activities in an organization or institution.
Social disorganization - view of social problems hold hat sudden cultural shifts disrupt
traditional values and common ways of doing things. Durkhem would consider this
Conflict theory - emphasizes conflict and change as a regular and permanent feature of
society. Conflict theorists criticize the structural functionalist explanation of social
Labelling theory - A giving activity is viewed as a social problem if groups of people define it
Herbert Blumer and social problems develop in stages:
1. Social recognition, a behaviour that is identified as a social concern 2. Social legitimating, formal recognition of a social problem as a serious threat to social
3. Mobilization for action, social organizations plan out remedial actions (remedial meaning
something that would help or restore)
4. Development and implementation of an official plan, government - sanctioned 'war on
- The Marxist consider men and women as equal victims of the capitalist class, feminist
assume that men exploit them.
- House work, as stated by Ann Oakley is a type of labour, yet it is not accounted for.
- Schools normally classify and organize and classify people, learning female vs. male.
- The glass