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SOC103H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Global City, Gaydar, Structural Adjustment

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1. Which one of the following is the BEST example of inadequate socialization?
a. Giving spare change to a homeless person
b. Giving up one’s seat to an elderly person on the bus
c. Saying ‘bless you’ when someone sneezes
d. Failure to thank the person who held open a door for you*
2. Merton argues that giving priority to some roles over others is a way to reduce role
strain. An example of this would be:
a. When principals are expected to defend and support teachers on a charge of
professional misconduct against a student
b. Separating the roles of parent and spouse
c. The role of prime minister is highly valued, so his wife would allow him to take
long diplomatic trips without her*
d. A teacher taking time off due to pregnancy
3. According to Archibald, a person of higher class may deliberately avoid a person of
lower class in the case of detachment generalization because:
a. He/she feels threatened*
b. He/she dislikes that person
c. He/she is shy
d. None of the above
4. In Nielsen’s (2007) study, the concept of ‘gaydar’, in which gays and lesbians signal
their identities to each other in public places by looking and dressing in a particular
way, serves what purpose?
a. It is part of a plot for world domination
b. It leads to feelings of solidarity and empowerment*
c. It doesn’t really serve a purpose
d. It is used to overcome shyness
5. Mismanagement of superfluous identities causes embarrassment when:
a. Old, discarded identities re-surface on the dominant identity
b. Subordinate roles and identities impose themselves on the dominant identity*
c. When an identity announcement is unsupported
d. A and C

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6. The following are identified in the text as defensive strategies used by people to save
face and defuse embarrassment EXCEPT:
a. Verbal disclaimers
b. Justifications
c. Revenge*
d. Accounts
7. Helen Ebaugh’s study on former nuns focused on:
a. Role distance
b. Role embracement
c. Role exit*
d. None of the above
8. As described by Helen Ebaugh, those that wish to rid themselves of a role or identity
may first experience feelings of:
a. Happiness
b. Contentment
c. Mortal fear
d. Uncertainty*
9. Categories of people may not be of interest to sociologists because:
a. They share a common social structure
b. They are otherwise unconnected with each other*
c. They dramatize the meanings for their boundaries
d. All of the above
10. Networks lack all of the following characteristics EXCEPT:
a. Connections between members*
b. A collective goal
c. A collective identity
d. An awareness of their membership
11. Gemeinschaft differs from Gesellschaft in which one of the following ways?
a. It represents non-community life
b. It may refer to rural or small town life*
c. It is marked by a highly unconnected social structure
d. It is a German word
12. A spontaneous organization, such as a bucket brigade, is considered to be more of a
temporary, short term organization because:
a. Dissension within the group quickly causes its downfall

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b. It has a relatively small amount of members, making it easier to manage
c. It disbands as soon as the goal has been achieved*
d. A and C
13. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of a clique?
a. It is made up of tightly interconnected members
b. Members may show contempt for outsiders
c. Members show loyalty to the leader
d. The main objective is to disturb the peace*
14. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of a bureaucracy?
a. Protection of careers
b. Division of labour
c. Formal system of rules
d. Hiring and promotion based on personal feelings*
15. Bureaucracies are considered to be imperfect systems for the following reasons
a. In reality, they do not function as rationally as designed
b. Administrative ‘red tape’ is a common inefficiency
c. A bureaucratic personality is often fostered
d. They are often not large enough*
16. According to Goffman, mental hospitals and prisons are examples of:
a. Highly informal organizations
b. Inviting and pleasant places
c. Total institutions*
d. Communist societies
17. Choose the INCORRECT statement:
a. Non-exploitive economic oppression is a mild form of exploitation.*
b. There must be an inverse interdependence between the two groups.
c. Exploiters appropriate the labour effort of the exploited.
d. The exploited are excluded from accessing certain productive resources.
18. Max Weber’s definition of class:
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