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SI; CHPT 13 CHURCHES AND RELIGION TEXT AND LECTURE STUDY NOTES.doc

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC103H1
Professor
Busha Taa

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Description
Social Institutions Chapter 13 Study NotesReligionsTermsReligion any system of beliefs about the supernatural and the social groups that gather around these beliefs New Religious Movements NRMs groups and institutions comprising people who share similar religious or spiritual views about the world but who are not part of mainstream religious institutionsChurch any social location or buildingchurch mosque synagogue or temple where people carry out religious rituals Seekers people and groups who draw on the teachings of several religions and philosophies to fulfill their needs for spiritualitySecularization a steadily dwindling influence of formal institutional religion in public lifeCivil Religion an organized secular practice that serves many of the same social functions as traditional religion by giving people direction explaining how the world works and providing solidaritysociologists do not assume the real existence of a god or gods Functional Definitions of Religionsubstantive definitions focus on what religion is functional definitions focus on what religion does for peopleEmile Durkheiminfluenced both functional and substantive definitions of religion worked with the functionalist model concerned with religions role in promoting socialsolidarity concluded that religion has the power to bring people togetherall social life is a mixture of social and profane elements
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