[SOC200H1] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (35 pages long!)

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Published on 28 Nov 2016
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC200H1
UTSG
SOC200H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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12/11/15
SOC200 week 9
Surveys and Quantitative Analysis
Outline
What is a survey research?
An ex of survey research: The General Social Survey
Paradigmatic…
What is a survey
Data Collection method
-respondents
-uniform questionnaire- is filled out in the same way, can be self administered or
interviewer administered
-probably most common source of quantitative data in sociology
often use probability sampling methods to allow for clearer conclusions from
quantitative analysis
-allows you to see if you can generalize the findings
-surveys are NOT experiments
-experiments- researcher must somehow intervene
General Social Survey
-Large
-Rationally representative
-Repeated every couple of years
-Cross sectional surveys
-variety of topics
-many countreis do this, Canada, US, Europe, china, Korean, australia
-questions are extensively pre-tested and evaluatedfor their validity and reliability
-this is done for questions in surveys as surveys cost a lot
-every question added to a survey is 15000$
Canadian General Social sURVEY
sINCE 1985, conducted almost every year
-topics are repeated every 5 years
caregiving and receiving
-Computer assisted phone interviews- 25000 respondents
-40-45 min interviews
-6-12 months of data collection
-most data are available publicly for anyone to download and analysze
-restricted data must be analyzted at StatsCAN facilities
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US General Social Survey
USGSS- collected by NORC- National Opinion research centre
-every year 1972-1994 and every second year since 1994
-large cluster samples
General social Survey
-Core Questions administered every yr- some unchanged since 1972+ topic modules
every yr
-social networks
-quality of work life
-famiyl/work balance
Civic participation
Transmission of divorce btwn generations weakened substantially btwn 1973 and
1996- Interaction effect
-parents get divorced lleads to higher probability of child getting divorced in
1973 than in 1996
Paradigmatic Assumptions 1
-Primarility search for object truth and objectively visible patterns
-less focus on meaning, process and experience
-very positivist outlook
Paradigmatic 2nd assumption
-possible to measure sociological concepts quantitatively
even concepts that feel amorphous can be defined and measured
-community, health, social identity, isolation
Paradigmatic 3rd assumption
-same question, same order, same way
-focuses on reliability
-important bc things that look like patterns could be caused by inconsistency
-GSS uses same questions over multiple years- for consistency
ex: survey outcome showed that people were socially isolated, because
question was worded diff, changed the wording again and suddenly only 2% of
people in US are isolated
Paradigmatic 4th assumption
-important to accurately see correlation and patterns
-interested in the usual pattern, not the outliers, variations
-agrgregation makes structuve visible. The structure is in the pattern (correlation)
-surveys are great to find the correlation
-ex: NEW YORK SUBWAY video: people trip on stairs
-people are tripping on the same set of stairs- this is a pattern
-there is a structural explanation- the step in ¼ inch higher than the rest, it’s
not visible to the individual yet once you see people tripping you can notice
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Document Summary

An ex of survey research: the general social survey. Uniform questionnaire- is filled out in the same way, can be self administered or interviewer administered. Probably most common source of quantitative data in sociology often use probability sampling methods to allow for clearer conclusions from quantitative analysis. Allows you to see if you can generalize the findings. Many countreis do this, canada, us, europe, china, korean, australia. Questions are extensively pre-tested and evaluatedfor their validity and reliability. This is done for questions in surveys as surveys cost a lot. Every question added to a survey is 15000$ Canadian general social survey since 1985, conducted almost every year. Topics are repeated every 5 years caregiving and receiving. Most data are available publicly for anyone to download and analysze. Restricted data must be analyzted at statscan facilities. Usgss- collected by norc- national opinion research centre. Every year 1972-1994 and every second year since 1994.

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