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Lecture 1 Study Notes SOC220F.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC220H1
Professor
Josh Curtis
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 1 SOC220F – Sept 13,13 – General Introduction Study Notes: social position that a person can acquire on the basis of merit; it is a position that is earned or chosen. social status a person is assigned at birth or assumed involuntarily later in life State of Inequality in Canada today: • Has income inequality improved in Canada? • How does Canada compare to other modern economies? • Compared to similar countries, the level of income inequality in Canada has become  relatively high since 1980 • Gini coefficient grew from 0.37 in 1980 to 0.45 by 2009 o A score of 0 means perfect equality in terms of income o A score of 1 means one person/group has all the income and everyone else has none o Increased about 10% in 30 years • Who has been affected by rising inequality? • People on lower ends of society • The largest gains in incomes occurred at the very top of the income distribution • The top 20 percent: their share of total income increased from 40.4% to 46.3% during this  30­year period • Overall, those in the middle of the income distribution were relatively unaffected • There were greater consequences for the poor, however Income gains by social class Class differences: • The top 20% increase in their average income by $49,400 between 1980 and 2009 (from  $128,500 to $177,900) • The bottom 80% saw an average increase of only $5,450 • The bottom 20% gained only $1700 • Why has income inequality 
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