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SOC246H1 (9)

guide for final exame Part 1

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William Magee

Historical perspective on aging Hunting and gathering societies as people grew older their ability to work declined... they were more likely to be ignored... those who could not work were encouraged to make decision to leave community... sometimes the group would withdraw support and abandon them The basic of modernization theory : mass education leads to higher rate of literacy there is a cult of youth and the young are pushed to the labour forces and the parents and the ages forced to spend their final days in institutions Pre-industrial societies The idea of veneration is borrowed by modernization theorist from the non-western cultures The elderly were often accorded great respect and esteem the veneration of the old is linked to Confucian values In china as women ages their position in society improves in 1949 responsibility of the elders shifted from the family to the government they now provide pension and health insurance Some critic that western history indicates that people have always held ive views of the aged In colonial times: the puritans wanted to separate the church from politics... the elderly occupied positions at the pinnacle they were guides and leaders in all matter they were uniquely qualified to serve as moral guide for the young Colonial society were a gerontocracy (a community ruled by the aged ... but reserved for men only) Retirement was possible through the transition of property to ones heirs- primogeniture 9 the right of the first sun to inherit- in Canada up to the 1850s women had few rights to land) Women were kept in subservient position to their husband they had very low status as they aged... put in boarders by their children.... they had a ive perception about them For slaves their value decline with age and generally became ive after 75... owners would free a slave so as to not have to provide food, clothing, housing and medical care slaves among their own community were venerated and very respected
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