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Resumer for week 9

3 pages28 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC246H1
Professor
William Magee

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Family and support
Families are the source of strong emotional bonds but also the source of deep
interpersonal conflict/ the family remains the core element of an individuals social
support system (ss are never one sided but are reciprocal in nature)
Social support system is defined as the network of relatives, friends and organizations
that provide emotional support and instrumental support
The convoy model of social relations is a useful way to think about how social support
system operate over the life course- consist of social relationships that provide a
protective layer surrounding an individual from birth to old age
No all relationships are positive- especially in family, feeling of ambivalence is common.
Social support system
Over the life course women are more likely than men to maintain social networks/
women then have more people in their support network, more frequent contact and more
complex relationship with individuals
Women can be advantaged in old age, for they are likely to have more resources on
which to draw/ but they are also more likely than men to be negatively affect by tensions
and stressful life event s of people close to them
The structures of a persons family affect the persons social support system. We see the
verticalization of the family system (people are more likely to grow old in 4 to 5
generation- also describe as a bean pole family structure)
Smaller family size has decreased the number of people within a given generation/ these
demographic changes means that people will be spending more than ever
intergenerational roles
Marriage
Widowed men are 7 time more likely to remarry than widowed women.
Despite the high probability of failure, most people marry at some time in their lives/
they marry not only for love but because they recognize it provides many benefits
Level of marital satisfaction are high in the early years, decline during childhood and
they rise, peaking during retirement years. (childcare responsibilities and work pressure
are maximized during the middle age)
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