-pope’s sermons which modify aspects to make them more acceptable for modern times
-new testament- earth will become renewed garden of eden; also descriptions of being
caught up into heaven. Sometimes we have more spiritual accounts of what would
happen in heaven (e.g. human beings being like angels and having spiritual bodies, the
book of revelation talks about humans being in an eternal worship of god in heaven)
-as the idea of a judgement day starts losing its power. Leaders of christianity started
modifying some of these views and said sinners would go immediately to hell and the
saved would immediately go to heaven.
-in the medieval period the idea of heaven as a garden of eden starts to come to the
front, with lush terrain, abundant fruit and tame animals (anthropocentric). Scholars
themselves were concerned how worldly heaven was being conceptualized as. The
scholastic theologians claimed paradise would be a vision- seeing god and living in
gods glory through eternity. This notion is less appealing to the everyday masses.
-during the renaissance started to integrate notions of classic art and culture that were
being revived- alot of images from ancient greek and roman art. Renaissance emphasis
on friendship and following artsitic purposes.
-the reformation promoted the theocentric view again. Not that the earthly life gets
perfected but rather your are in the presence of god which is fulfilling.
-modern conceptions tend to carry the individualism of our society into that
representation. there is a greater premium on things like reuniting with freinds and
family something that was not as conspicuous earlier. In modernity this reunion with
friends and family is pretty high on the list of heavenly appeals. There is more room
now for emphasising things like limitless leaisure activities. Some religious leaders have
talked about things like hugging god instead of the earlier conception of the
contemplation of god.
the day of judgement tends to be down played in the mainstream religiosity. Discourse
is things like they have gone to a better place now- decision whether you are going to
heaven or hell appears to happen immediately. In medieval period descriptions of
judgement day took prominence but those scenes are not prominently presented in
Pope’s sermon 1999
Heaven, hell, purgatory
-church is a long standing institution and has acquired a great amount of historical
-what has helped catholic church survive is its ability to change to certain notions
-john paul realized certain modifications had to be made so catholic church would be
accepted among modern believers
-heaven is fullness of communion with god; the form of this world will pass away