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SOC218 exam review lec4-6.docx

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Exam Review: Book Gordon Milton: The nature of Assimilation 1) Adaptation to the core society: the Ideal type, mainly apply to second generation  The new immigrant group has entered an been generous/ socially accepted into he social cliques, clubs and institution of the host country, at various class levels, has intermarried freely and frequently with the host country people. Encounters no prejudice or discrimination and are no longer distinguishable culturally or structurally from the rest of the host population  Seven basic sub-processes have to take place in the assimilation process 1. Cultural assimilation- including religious beliefs and observance to those of the host country ( Acculturation) 2. Structural assimilation: large scale entrance into cliques clubs and institutions of host society, on primary group level 3. Marital assimilation: large scale intermarriage ( special term Amalgamation) 4. Identification assimilation: development of sense of people hood based exclusively on host society 5. Attitude recreational assimilation: absence of prejudiced attitudes 6. Behavior recreational assimilation: absence of discriminatory behavior 7. Civic assimilation: absence of value and power conflict  Each of these steps or sub processes may be thought of as constituting a particular stage aspect of the assimilation process  May consider them as types of assimilation and characterize them accordingly - Two types of cultural patterns and traits which may characterize any ethnic group. 1. Intrinsic cultural traits or patterns -such as historical language and sense of common past, are essential and vital ingredients of the groups cultural heritage and derive exactly from that heritage 2. Extrinsic cultural traits- such as dress, manner, patterns of emotional expression and minor oddities in pronouncing products of the historical vicissitudes of a groups adjustment to its local environment and are in a real sense, external to the core of the groups ethnic cultural heritage 3. Distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic culture is a tentative one, and cannot be uniformly applied to all cultural traits - If marital assimilation, an inevitable by-product of structural assimilation, take fully, the minority group loses its ethnic identity in the larger host or core society, and identification assimilation takes place - Prejudices and discrimination are no longer a problem, since eventually the descendants of the original minority group become indistinguishable, and since primary group relationships tend to build up an in-group felling which encloses all the members of the group, if assimilation has been complete in all intrinsic as well as extrinsic cultural traits, then no value conflicts on civic issues are likely to arise between the now dispersed descendants of the ethnic minority and members of the core society.
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