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Midterm

Reading Summaries - Test 3


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC336H1
Professor
Brasch
Study Guide
Midterm

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The Securitization of Migration: A Racial Discourse (Ibrahim)
-Due to assertions from international organizations, migration is seen as a threat to the liberal
world
-Government laws and policies are an outcome of discourse, and reaffirm discourse
-The use of cultural difference as a criterion for exclusion can be understood as a racist discourse
- In order to provide security for their population, nations develop traditions
oThrough the disruption of existing traditions, immigrants, who bring with them different
cultures, imbalance the nation
oIt is thus seen as rational to preserve ones culture through the exclusion of other cultural
groups
-The securitization of migration discourse has been cemented by the fear that migrants may be
supporters for insurgencies (terrorist activities)
-Uninvited migrants—unskilled migrants—go counter to those migrants Canada seeks to attract,
mainly wealthy investors and skilled migrants
oBy rejecting the unskilled migrant, Canada is attempting to separate itself from the rising
disorder of the South
-The rejection of migrants based on presumed criminality and deviance is an essential component
of the securitization of migration, which cements the racial discourse
Transnational Belonging among Second Generation Youth: Identity in a Globalized
World
-Migrant youth who were born in India and migrated to Canada as young children, along with
those domestically born, share a link to their parents homeland that is more than symbolic
oTheir identity is constructed through a series of material and symbolic flows across the
borders of these countries
oSecond-generation Indo-Canadians engage in frequent phone calls, email correspondence
and annual visits to India
-The significance of the transnational social field in the construction of their identities is
demonstrated at three levels:
o1. At the level of emotions: they feel Indian, but also Canadian
o2. At the level of appearance: they express their transnational belonging through fashion
styles and clothing
o3. At the level of allegiance: they feel a sense of loyalty to India as well as Canada
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