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SPA100Y1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Singular (Software), Diphthong


Department
Spanish
Course Code
SPA100Y1
Professor
Essential Textbook Summary
Study Guide
Midterm

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SPANISH SPA100Y1 NOTES
CHAPTER 1
(1.1) THE ALPHABET (el alfabeto)
In Spanish, the alphabet is the same as in English; however there are 2 additional letters:
rr and ñ.
The full alphabet is below, under the following format: { letter » letters name
(pronunciation) }
a » a (ah)h » hache (achey)ñ* » e (enyey)u » u (ue)
b » be (bey)i » i (ee)o » o (oh)v » ve (vey)
c » ce (sey)j » jota (hota)p » pe (pey)w » doble ve (doh-bley
vey)
d » de (day)k » ka (kah)q » cu (cue)x » equis (ekiiss)
e » e (ey) l » ele (elley)r » ere (errey)y » i griega (ee grieh-
gah)
f » efe (ehfey) m » eme (emmey)rr* » erre (ehrrey)z » zeta (zeh-tah)
g » ge (hey)n » ene (enney)t » te (tey)
PRONUNCIATION
C: when in front of an e or i, it makes an Ssound, when in front of an a, o, or u, it makes a
K sound.
G: when in front of an e or i, it makes a Jsound, when in front of an a, o, or u, it makes a
G sound.
H: silent in front of vowels.
J: makes an H sound.
LL: makes a Y sound.
Ñ: makes a gneh sound.
RR: makes a rolling r sound.
U: silent after a q.
Z: makes a th sound.
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(1.2) CARDINAL NUMBERS (Incl. Chapter 2)
0 » cero8 » ocho 16 » diez y seis 30 » trenta
1 » uno 9 » nueve 17 » diez y siete40 » cuarenta
2 » dos10 » diez18 » diez y ocho50 » cincuenta
3 » tres11 » once 19 » diez y nueve60 » sesenta
4 » cuatro 12 » doce20 » veinte 70 » setenta
5 » cinco 13 » trece 21 » veinte y uno 80 » ochenta
6 » seis14 » catorce 22 » veinte y dos90 » noventa
7 » siete 15 » quince 23 » veinte y tres100 » cien/ciento
Cardinal numbers 0 to 15, and multiples of 10 from 0 to 100, have their own names.
Numbers 16 to 99 (excluding multiples of 10) are compounds of the tenths and the digits,
with y in between (see above for example).
(1.3) COLOURS (los colores)
Yellow » AmarilloGreen » Verde
Blue » AzulRed » Rojo
Orange » Anaranjado Purple » Morado
Black » NegroWhite » Blanco
Grey » Gris
Pink » Rosado Brown » Marrón
In Spanish, just like adjectives, colours have feminine and plurals too. See section 2.1 and
2.2 for details.
(1.4) DAYS, MONTHS and SEASONS
(A) DAYS OF THE WEEK (los días de la semana)
Days of the week in Spanish are all masculine. Weekdays (Monday through Friday) end
with s whether singular or plural; while weekends (Saturday and Sunday) carry an s at
the end only when plural. Also unlike in English, the days of the week in Spanish are not
capitalized.
Monday » lunes
Tuesday » martes
Wednesday » miércoles
Thursday » jueves
Friday » viernes
Saturday » sábado
Sunday » domingo
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(B) MONTHS OF THE YEAR (los meses)
Months of the year in Spanish are masculine, though the article (see chapter 2) is almost
rarely ever used. Unlike in English, the months of the year in Spanish are not capitalized.
January » enero
February » febrero
March » marzo
April » abril
May » mayo
June » junio
July » julio
August » agosto
September » septiembre
October » octubre
November » noviembre
December » diciembre
(C) SEASONS OF THE YEAR (las estaciones)
Months of the year in Spanish are masculine, though the article (see chapter 2) is almost
rarely ever used. Unlike in English, the months of the year in Spanish are not capitalized.
Spring » la primavera
Summer » el verano
Fall » el otoño
Winter » el invierno
Example: Enero es en el invierno.
(January is in winter.)
(D) THE DATE (la fecha)
In Spanish, the following is the model for saying the date. You may (if youd like) choose to
omit the day of the week and the Hoy (today) at the beginning of the sentence.
» Hoy, es {insert weekday}, el {insert date} de {insert month}.
Example: Hoy, es martes, el 24 de diciembre. (Today is Tuesday, the 24th of December)
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