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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses

SMC 103 EXAM REVIEW NOTESSEP 1214Jesus the Kingdom of God and the Church o Paul of Tarsus acts of the apostles his journey Saul of Tarsus called Paul called himself the apostle of the gentiles he was converted to the Jesus movement this Judaism movement soon became a gentile movement he was a Pharisee concerned with the standards to jewish community he saw the jesus movnt as a threat and a messianic jewish cult that could divide Judaism he tries to remove it all together on his way to Damascus he experiences a vision of persecution from Jesusgod was asking him saul y do u persecute mepaul is then transformed by this vision still on his way to Damascus instead of persecuting the jesus mvnt he goes and learns about Jesus thru them and asks them questions he becomes a convicted Christian and sees jesus death as a divine intervention he then understood his purpose and his calling which was to tellspread the good news to others he wud tell other jews He used jewish scripture like book of isiah to prove that jesus was messiah to jews but they didnt believe him Paul thru his missions talks to others about Jesus he does this well because he tells others about the problems of society he says its not necessary to keep the jewish practice of being kosher purity circumcision etc he sees Jesus msg much greater he saw jesus as the liberator and his death left everyone in freedomcircumcision was replaced by baptismpaul died in rome as part of niro persecution of Christians said tohave travelled with peterHellenziation to speak greek Alexander the great introduced this everywhere he wentThe council of Jerusalemc 48 CE ocompromise was madepartial yes to the food laws and sabatthyou dont have to be circumsizedYes to moral codesSaducees Sadduceesmost iristiac from the presitly line believe in Hellenism believed in temple is jesus times had a place in jewish courts they would keep a set of laws to look after their own jewish ppl they taught temple cult was fundamental to survival of Israel ritualssacrifices were need to maintain yawehs figure they dont accept special treatments of pharsses they dont believe in reseureciton or heaven or life after death there sad becuz there temple is destroyed st1 group to arise upper stratum of jewish society lived in Jerusalem and was in charge of the temple and its acitivies comprised of priestly fams economic class upper in rank rep the political leadership and socialreligious leadership they control events around the temple they take bible literally open to hellenizationthey rejected angels apocalyptic ideas and let the greek language in their communityPharisees are fair u cbecuz they develop non biblical tratidions on how to live the law issue of pharsiees they are very rigid and liberal theyre building on the lawtrying to make jewish religion being easily practiced they try to create followers that are more ritually pure and better in the eyes of yaweh they believe in life after death theyre intents are good they were respected by other jewsnd2 group to arise represented negatively in Christian scripture middle class in society rabbinical Judaism developed from them scholars scribes and considered the pure ones they were known for their piety focus was on preserving Hebrew piety through careful observation of religious laws and traditions exegesisinterpretation of the Hebrew text they were concern with how the torah was told and how it was interpreted they thought the world was ending too and encouraged ppl to prepare for itEssences th4 group to arise small cloistered group that produced the vast libraryfound the dead sea scrolls separated itself from other groups lived a life of celibacy rejected animal sacrifice and avoided meat and wine followed a solar calendardiff from lunar calender devoted to fasting and praying and purity practices had a strong conviction that the end of the world was near and that jews needed to prepare themselves for it apocalypticism end of the world for jews for Christians its raptureIgnatius of Antioch talks about a leadership as one person bishop surround by others presbyterspriests which they are surround by others deaconshelpers one person is in charge of a community which would be the bishopIn the institutional hierarchy 1 Bishops spirit of high priesthood 2 Presbyterpriests spirit of seniority 3 Deaconsservice 4 Confessors not someone who receives the faith but bc they stand up for there faith theyve been hurt SEP 1921 Giving Shape to catholic Identity and LifeTertullian they want roman to succeed begins as a defener of Christian faith but then leaves and disagrees with Christianity in repentance believed that once u were baptized your sins were washed away and u were now a temple of the holy spirit and it was ur job to keep the temple pure and wo sin and so he believed there was no need for repentance he said god is merciful and forgives and knows that humans are sinners he believed that if u did sin after baptism u shud b out of Christianity described martyrdom as the onlu sure road to salvation he felt that philosophy was pointless fr Christians
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