midterm notes - mass media .docx

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St. Michael's College Courses

CHAPTER 2: BOOKS: REARRANGING THE FACE Lewis A Coser, Charles Kadushin, Walter W. Powell: call the culture and commerce of publishing the desire to preserve the countrys intellectual ideas verses the idea to make money. They described th 4 characteristics of book publishing in America today: o Industry sells products in a market in contrast to that for many other products, is fickle and uncertain o Industry is decentralized among many sectors whose operations are different from another o Modern mass media production methods and craft-like procedures characterizes these operations o The industry remains poised between requirements and restraints of commerce and the responsibilities and obligations that it must bear as a prime guardian of the symbolic culture of the nation. First books in the US were imports by settlers from England, and 1638 the first press was established in Massachusetts and two years later in 1640, printed was Americas first book: The Bay Psalm Book. To expand readers, publishers started to sell pamphlets, novels, poetry, and humor. o Pamphlets: Thomas Paines Common Sense o Novels & Poetry: Ben Franklin sold- Pamela by Samuel Richardson in 1744 the first novel published in the US although it was a British import that first appeared in England in 1740. o Int. Copyright Law of 1981: all authors globally had to give permission to publish their work. o Publishing Houses: began in the late 18 century, they sought out authors, reviewed and edited copy, printed, and then sold the books. o Compulsory Education: imp because now school they needed textbooks 3 events of the 19 century ensured that the book industry would prosper in the 20 century: o the international copyright law o the creation of publishing houses o establishments of compulsory education Paperbacks: Robert de Graff introduced Americas first series of paperback, called pocket books; paperbacks democratized reading in America Today large media corporations own many of the book publishing companies Successful publishing companies must consistently anticipate both their competitors and the market Royalties are what publishers pay authors for their work: which is an amount based on an established percentage of the books price and may run anywhere from 6 15 percent of the cover price of the book Some authors receive an advance which is an amount the publisher pays the author before the book is published How books get published: o Acquisitions editor looks for potential authors and projects and works out an agreement with the author; also may represent the company and negotiate sales of subsidiary rights )which are rights to market a book for other uses; movies etc) o Production editor manages all the steps that turn a manuscript into a book o Designer decides what a book will look like o Manufacturing supervisor buys the typesetting, paper and printing for the books o Marketing most expensive part of creating a book, handled by diff departments. o Advertising designs ads for books o Promotion sends the book to reviewers o Fulfillment makes sure that the books get to the stores on time Today trade books account for almost half the books people buy and textbooks make up about third of all books sold, the rest are religious and mass market paperbacks. Book industry has 5 major markets: o Trade books: designed for the gen public; hardcover fiction, nonfiction, biography, lit classics, cookbooks, travel, art, sports, music..etc o Textbooks: difference between many textbooks and trade books is that texts include what publishers call an apparatus o Religious books: bibles, etc; about social issues from a religious point of view but these books are considered trade books o Mass Market paperbacks: books defined by where they are sold, not by their subjects; mainly distributed through mass channels- newsstands, stores, supermarkets, etc.; made from cheaper paper and cost less than trade books o University Press Books and Book Clubs: a university press book is one that a university press publishes, non profit and connected to a uni along with a museum and research institution; produce mainly scholarly materials in hardcover and soft cover. Companies look for extra income in three ways: o Subsidiary and international rights o Blockbuster books o Chain and internet marketing Audiobooks and ebooks have been added to the market to attract more readers because the amount of people reading books is declining. Technologies can lower the cost of producing books, which benefits the industry: o Computers can monitor inventories closer o Manuscripts go to author to whoever electronically through the internet o Electronic graphics make books more interesting o Websites are used to promote their books and to advertise blockbusters CHAPTER 3: NEWSPAPERS: EXPANDING DELIVERY American newspapers began in colonial America more than
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