Lecture 1.docx

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Department
University College Courses
Course
UNI101Y1
Professor
Scott Rayter
Semester
Winter

Description
Freud - Freud believed hypnosis was the only way you could access the unconscious life - Freud believed there was a shameful cause for any type of neurosis, but the cause could only be revealed under hypnosis and brought into the conscious realm, at which point it can be dealt with - Freud’s work is developmental and changes over time because he based his theories on encounters with specific cases, so his ideas evolved with time - Freud’s introductory lectures on psychoanalysis were mostly intended for doctors, lawyers, etc. to explain sanity or insanity in court cases - Freud thought that sexuality is developmental (as opposed to biological) - It’s not just inborn; it changes and develops over time - Sexuality isn’t constant; it begins shortly after birth and changes with time - He called the sexual force “libido” - Libido is the drive through which the instinct manifests itself; it undergoes change, takes different objects, and is not fix in intensity or position, and involved satisfaction and its fulfillment - He didn’t think the word sex was a relevant word to describe sexuality since when we describe sex, we’re not really being descriptive but prescriptive and brining our own cultural biases to the idea of sex - Ex. Everyone eats food and has the instinct to eat food to survive, but we all eat different things at different points in our lives, different times of day, different cultures, etc. - Freud is important because he was really the beginning of thinking about and talking about sex as a force that compels us to behave in certain ways and that can be discovered through methods such as hypnosis - His terms such as the unconscious and id, ego, etc. have become important cultural terms in our society - Freud never denied there was a biological component to sexuality, but he wasn’t interested in that – he was interested in the psychological component of sexuality - Three phases of psychosexual development – 1. oral 2. anal 3. genital/phallic, oedipal complex, latency period, puberty - Freud argued against many people who thought sexuality just began at puberty - Oral phase – 0-2 years - Based on the mouth and lips - First and most important phase - Autoeroticism - Involves the first object that brings pleasure to the baby, i.e. mother’s breast - Mouth is an erogenous zone - Pleasure for its own sake - It’s not that one phase ends and another begins; they pile up and become cumulative, but because of other things going on in the child’s life, different things become dominant - To Freud, we have pleasure associated with breastfeeding because the experience of being held, breastfed, etc. is comforting and loving - After breastfeeding, the child will continue to suck at the breast even after the milk stops coming - The child associates breastfeeding with pleasure and then learns to pleasure itself, ex. Sucking its own thumb instead of relying on someone else for pleasure - Anal phase – ages 2-4 - Learning about new ways of relating to the world and to one’s own body - Control over bodily reactions - Pleasure and pain, discipline, control, loss, humiliation, shame, and secrecy - Being independent and able to create - Public/private - Triggered through toilet training - The child learns that he can control his own body and use his body to provoke reactions from caregivers (ex. Dirtying a diaper so his mother has to come change it) - The child in this phase learns about things that are socially acceptable, ex. There are certain times you’re allowed to eat, sl
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