VIC101H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Jean Arp, Hugo Ball, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti

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Lecture 5 04:33
Dada: 1915- 1922
Chaotic, anarchistic movement
Anyone can produce art
No need for burst of emotion to produce work of art
At end of WWII more technological advancements more intense militaristic
weapons
Rise of Dada different than other movements, where they all were located in one
country
Zurich Dada 1915
Dada members all met in a bar: aesthetic anarchy
Hugo Ball created/ used phonetic poem
Figures replaces by abstraction
At the beginning no style with Dada; turned mechanistic
Dada groups often small and intimate and influential to each other
Dada rejected that artist was creative genius
Traditional materials
Created ready-mades”- visual indifference, and total absence of good or bad taste
the object is not the important thing
Useful significance disappears
Dada used objects that no longer made artists make the object themselves
Human figure taken over by abstraction
Fascination with machinery, chance, and frustrates desire
By 1922 Dada burnt out> then came surrealism. 2 years of sleep
Karawane made of nonsense symbols and sounds
Tristan Tarza
Romanian livening in France violent swirling declarations of Dada his Dada
manifesto from 1918
Seeking to destroy language, similar to Marinetti
Horror engulfing world (Europe) at this time, Tzara set tone
Stieglitz
Partner of Georgia OKeeffe, ran an art gallery shoes old fashioned camera
Picaba
Born in Paris, began producing mechanical drawings
Hans Arp Dada is senseless like nature against bourgeois artist notion talks
about elements of Chance *Arp
Total abandonment to the unconscious (surrender to)
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Rejected idea that creator is genius
Surrender control (abandonment and control)
Representational art
First Dada Relief by Hans Arp
Carved wood figure, put together by collage goes against traditional
representational sculpting
Man Ray
Created new photographic art Solarized prints (dark room effect, light turned on
quickly), raypgraph (laying objects directly on paper when in dark room-exposing
light)
Nude Descending Staircase last painting, looking beyond
Bottlerack Porte
Not changed in form. But by choosing it as art, it is art; by looking at it, we validity
it as art
Duchamp most influential artist of 20th century
Paris Air
Literally nothing, filled with Paris air
Fountain: Left normal except for inscription R Mutt, name of manufacturer
Why Not Sneeze
Sugar cubes made of marble, changes our perception
Duchamp
Often used irony with his titles of his works
LHOOQ Ella a Chaud she has a hot ass
Pun on the French
Ready-made
Chosen by visual indifference
Choice not important
Complete anesthesia
Changed by act of selection by artist
Objects themselves not important, idea rotated 90
Changes images- deceives viewer
Employed irony in his work
The Large Glass
Bachelors never the pride, erotic story
Chocolate grinder used
The Love Machine uses engineering an arch principles (machines and sexuality)
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Document Summary

No need for burst of emotion to produce work of art. At end of wwii more technological advancements more intense militaristic weapons. Rise of dada different than other movements, where they all were located in one country. Dada members all met in a bar: aesthetic anarchy. At the beginning no style with dada; turned mechanistic. Dada groups often small and intimate and influential to each other. Created ready-mades - visual indifference, and total absence of good or bad taste the object is not the important thing. Dada used objects that no longer made artists make the object themselves. By 1922 dada burnt out> then came surrealism. Romanian livening in france violent swirling declarations of dada his dada manifesto from 1918. Horror engulfing world (europe) at this time, tzara set tone. Partner of georgia o"keeffe, ran an art gallery shoes old fashioned camera. Hans arp dada is senseless like nature  against bourgeois artist notion talks about elements of chance *arp.

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