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Final

WDW225 Exam Booklet - General Topics

3 Pages
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Department
Woodsworth College Courses
Course Code
WDW101Y1
Professor
William Watson

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USES OF CRIMINAL LAW
1. Regulate morality
-denounce immoral conduct
-reflect societal values
2. Define the limits of acceptable behaviour
-forms the basis of the social contract
-boundaries change over time
-limited consensus of what should be crime i.e. possession of marijuana, abortion, homosexuality,
prostitution
3. Justify imprisonment/deprivation of liberty
4. Protect society from harm
5. Informal social control community/peer pressure
6. Formal social control
-regulation (i.e. non-criminal offences, licencing etc.)
-incentive structures (i.e. Tax incentives)
-public education (i.e. MADD)
-therapeutic model
7. Nothing
-there may be things in the criminal code where you would wonder why the law exists i.e. water skiing at
night
ROLES IN CRIMINAL LAW
1. Parliament
-enact legislation
2. Police
-investigate crime
3. Crown attorney
-prosecute crime
4. Defence counsel
-defend those accused of crime
5. Court
-interpret legislation, strike down unconstitutional legislation, apply legislation, determine
guilt/innocence, impose sentence
Common Law System
Law is developed by judges
No underlying statute
Lower courts are bound by decisions of higher courts
Supreme Court of Canada
Provincial Appeal Court
Superior Court of Justice
Ontario Court of Justice
Civil Law System
Judges cannot create law
Applicable to provincial law in Quebec
Laws are written and codified
Judges simply apply the law
WHAT IS A CRIME
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Description
USES OF CRIMINAL LAW 1. Regulate morality -denounce immoral conduct -reflect societal values 2. Define the limits of acceptable behaviour -forms the basis of the social contract -boundaries change over time -limited consensus of what should be crime i.e. possession of marijuana, abortion, homosexuality, prostitution 3. Justify imprisonmentdeprivation of liberty 4. Protect society from harm 5. Informal social control communitypeer pressure 6. Formal social control -regulation (i.e. non-criminal offences, licencing etc.) -incentive structures (i.e. Tax incentives) -public education (i.e. MADD) -therapeutic model 7. Nothing -there may be things in the criminal code where you would wonder why the law exists i.e. water skiing at night ROLES IN CRIMINAL LAW 1. Parliament -e
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