March 18, 2013 Policing protest
Talk about conclusions of the researches. Try to be very narrow. , analysis
Challenge for political democracies, how they will react.
2 vital obligations
1) Prevention of social disintegration-purpose of having state is to prevent social disintegration
2) Allow the public to voice and express their dissent, how they are being governed
It should be balanced
It has been times when they were not balanced. FLQ crisis in 1970. Province of Quebec. War
measures act as a way of preventing social disintegration. the ability to assembly was
compromised. -> charter came later.
Democracy is not a zero-sum game. Times when you can have less democracy.
Protest Policing –jerome Skolnick
The use of police authority and capacity to establish a legitimate equilibrium between
governmental and societal, collective and individual, rights and interests in a mass
demonstration of grievance.
Tactic of police and methods are being critised of police. -3 category of tools of police that
they can implement.
The law- all of the legal instruments that police have at their disposal. Criminal and civil
status, emergency measures-ex. war measures act, particular injunction ( going to courts)-
police moving protestants, road closures. Even if you just think of the permit to have a
demonstration or a parade. Permits are often denied, or restricted, to help the police
manage the parade. “ only if it occurs on a specific , day time, location). By imposing these
conditions they can control and manage the event under their terms. With respect to the
criminal law- police approach protest policing-very vague criminal laws- “anybody who is in
breach of the peace” “disturbing the peace”-
Constrains on Police Tactics
Police are subject to internal rules and discipline.
The police organization and culture –the police are subjects to internal rules and discipline,
not like CSIS agents, there is an oversight.
Public opinion is important to police. very responsive to public opinion , in community
policing it is very evident. The shift in policing style has to do with responsive strategies.
Wider political culture-democracy and human rights. Constitution that protects us and gives
us our rights,. State leaders are obligated to follow it. Geneva Convention that tells you how to treat prisoners. Most protests are peaceful. Ex. city of London, England- typically 3 major
protests every week. Only a tiny percent of them –has violent police reaction.
Liberal democracy does not necessary protect us from the tyranny or brutal repression.
The level of protect that you will get from police brutality, depends on the political culture. –
ways to treat public order and disorder. Ex.- >Who is the premier, what trade obligation a
country has. England- trend towards less violence in public order police. new government-
Margaret T. asked to harsher police responses and brutality.
Canada- police responsivety to changes in government, civil rights and security.
Range of options, pressure that emerged from iprawash inquiry-“ do not negation with
Indians”. Jean Chretien. –police responisivity.
Ericson and Dale article- Article findings. -80% of protesters were UBC students. Vancouver
Indonesia is a very important trading partner for Canada. If security was compromised of
the prime minister, then his security would shoot out to people. Governmental and policing
leadership will impact policing responses/style and values. it can be a constraint or enable
particular response from the police.
Police take tactical approach to protest events- going to widen or narrow the options
available to them. 2 general approaches. 1) escalated conflict model. –control approach.
Hard hat approach. Paramilitary approach
Oriented around a strong show of force. Or willingness to use force.
Strict enforcement of law in all instances, could also involve the use of force as an
alternative to making arrests.
Charter rights often ignored.
-use of force, different forms of it. Recourse to make an arrest any violation of the law, or no
violation of the law. Removing people from the sight. Other times use force as an alternative
to arrest. -> charter rights ignored.
Ex. shutting schools down, to save money. parents are upset, children will have longer
commutes. Rally took place. Police anticipated this, posters were posted. Many people
would show up. Special unit was deployed. Attack dogs bite children and mothe