According to Cynthia Enloe, militarization can be defined as, “A step-by-step process by
which a person or a thing gradually comes to be controlled by the military or comes to
depend for its well-being on militaristic ideas. The more militarization transforms an
individual or a society, the more that individual or society comes to imagine military
needs…to be not only valuable but also normal.” This course emphasizes the impact that
militarization has on people’s lives and it also discusses how it affects gender roles. Cynthia
Enloe offers examples of how militarization affects people’s lives by stating that it
influences how children may view the military because toys are designed and marketed
with militaristic purposes in mind. An example of this may be GI JOE. Militarization also
influences hope that fathers may have for their sons and voters presumptions about
electable candidates. In the lecture, it is also seen how militarization has an impact on
gender roles. That is because women are supposed to be seen as naturally loving, nurturing
and committed to peace, while men are supposed to be the violent and protective ones. This
view enforces inclusion in the military in that men should be seen as the fighters and
women should be seen as the ones that need to be protected. If either men or women goes
According to Grewal and Kaplan (2005), “the two gender system that seems so ‘natural’ has
not been so for all the time or everywhere in the world (p.2).” Discuss this statement using
at least 3 examples to support your points.
1)It wasn’t until the 18th century that sex differences between men and women were
introduced into science, (lecture).
2)Concept of two spirit people, which was a belief of the Aboriginal people. An example
of this was a man-woman. A man-woman was a biological female but this person did
man’s work and married women. Eventually, Western ideologies of female inferiority
and heterosexuality replaced 1st Nations belief about gender. (Aulette, Wittner,
Blakely), How many genders are there? The Evidence from Other Cultures.
3)The one-sex model was used from Antiquity to Enlightenment (Ajnesh Prasad),
Reconsidering the Socio-Scientific Enterpirse of Sexual Difference.