Defintion 15 evolutions rainbow.docx

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Women and Gender Studies

Defintion 15, Evolution’s rainbow 1. Online summery of Roughgarden's book in which the term EVOLUTIONARY RAINBOW derives itself from: Joan Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. A distinguished evolutionary biologist, Roughgarden takes on the medical establishment, the Bible, social science?and even Darwin himself. She leads the reader through a fascinating discussion of diversity in gender and sexuality among fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, including primates. Evolution's Rainbow explains how this diversity develops from the action of genes and hormones and how people come to differ from each other in all aspects of body and behavior. Roughgarden reconstructs primary science in light of feminist, gay, and transgender criticism and redefines our understanding of sex, gender, and sexuality. Define: Roughgarden defines the term evolutionary rainbow in her article as the discussion of vast gender and sexuality in the animals, birds, primates, fish etc., focusing on same-sex partners and mating strategies. Critical Significance: This is significant due to the fact that it disregards and challenges traditional scientific, Darwinistic, Bible-based and ultimately bias androcentric claims. These bio-determinist claims state that the natural history of animals, fish and other species are similar to humans in the sense of heterosexual and polarized sexuality and mating practices. Takes the bio-determinist view and proves it problematic and inva
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