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Department
Women and Gender Studies
Course
WGS160Y1
Professor
June Larkin
Semester
Fall

Description
02September 22 - Feminisms Monday,September 20, 2010 Sec.sa.utoronto.ca 11:26AM 1) DefinitionsofFeminism AssignmentdueonOct15: basedon 2) InterrogatingFeminism twoweeksfromnowsreadings 3) TheDimensionsofSuccess 4) ExpressingFeminism DefinitionsofFeminism Heterosexism;whenlesbianisusedasaderogatoryterm Backlashtermstellusaboutwhatisexpectedofmenandwomeninsociety. Negativetermsleadtoself-policing;peoplewillstayawayfromthefeministmovementsoasto avoidthebacklashterms. Outsiderviews: Feministsaresocialists,anti-capitalists,anti-familywomenwhokilltheirchildren,leavetheir husbandsandbecomelesbians.--PatRobertson Heterosexism,economicstructurerigidity,impliedanti-family. Commonintheclass: Feminismisaboutequalityamongthesexes--tobetreatedequally. InterrogatingFeminism Iffeminismisaboutimprovingthelivesofwomen,whydosomanywomenrejectfeminism? Reading #1WhyI Am A Feminism 1) Onewomansaidshedidntwanttodesertherfamily. Familiesdocritiquethenuclearfamilystructure. Onlyheterosexualpartners,andthatthisisthebest&onlyfamilyform, anditis thebasisofsociety. Itisnot auniversalstructure! Nuclearisnotthemostprominentfamily structuretoday,orthroughhistory. ProfRichardNamibia:familystructuresintact,butmanyoftheparentswould haverelationswithothersinthecommunity. Howdoyou knowthechildreninyourfamilyareyourown? Weloveallthechildren! Hewasimposingaparticularstructureof familywhichtheNamibiansdidnot share. 2) Anotherwomansaidshedidnthatemen. Womensissuesarealsoissuesaboutmen. Masculinityisapartofthefeminist project. Menare genderedtoo. Oncethisisacknowledged,hardquestionsarise abouthowmenbecomegendered,howmasculinityisrelatedtogender inequality,andhowmencanbecomepartofthesolutionratherthanpart oftheproblem.--R.W.Connell,Reading#1 Mensdominantpositioninthegenderorderhasamaterialpayoff,and thediscussionsofmasculinityhaveconstantlyunderestimatedhowbigit is. Intherich capitalistcountriessuchastheunitedstates,mensaverage incomesareapproximatelydoubletheaverageincomeofwomen. Men havetentimesthepoliticalaccessofwomenworldwide(measuredby representationinparliaments). Menhaveevengreatercontrolof }}oZ;,L }L}oZKLZ}]}oL 7]LZ}KZ} weaponsandarmedforces. Icalltheseadvantagesthepatriarchal dividend}KL;:~ }LLoo7 www.notesolution.com Icalltheseadvantagesthepatriarchal dividend}KL;:~ }LLoo7 p.533) Genderdoesnottellthewholestoryaboutmen,orthewholestory aboutfeminism. Itsaboutthinkingaboutmultipleidentities. Howdothe differentidentitiesintersect? Intersectionality Focusesattentiononthewaysthatmultiplesourcesofoppressionand powerareintertwined. Dominantracialcategoryoftengoesunmarked. O Gender O Race O Class O Age O Religion O Able-bodiedness O Nationality O Language O Sexualorientation Statusmarkers,materialconsequences IntersectionalAnalysis Acknowledgesthateveryperson,beinmanorwoman,existsinthe K}l}Ko]o]L]]Z; Anintersectionapproachhighlightsthewaysinwhichthereis simultaneousinteractionofdiscriminationthatarisefromthesemultiple ]L]]Z;~IK7 ResearchatBrock on sexualharassmentwithAsianwomen: Gender,race Harassingcommentsthatpresumedthestereotypeofdocile Asianwomen. Theracialstereotypesinformedtheactions. Thestereotypeswerecreatedbycolonialism. }2Zo]L2]Z; Racism,socialinjustice,abuseinthehome(towardthemotherforher failuretocontrolherchild). Neededtokeephisownsenseofagency. Howto ApplyIntersectionalAnalysisin Feminism 1. ReproductiveRights Accesstobirthcontrol,accessto abortion,therightto not usebirth control,therighttonot havean abortion. 1. Conditionsofwelfarereliantontheirwillingnesstobeon birthcontrol. 2. Differently-abledpeople beingallowedtohave childrensupportedintheirdecisiontohavechildren. 3. Racistagenda(eugenics)wrtclasseswhohaveabortions, havingabortionsforceduponthem. Whereweareoppressed,butwhereweare oppressors. Wetendto cast ourgazeon thesitesfromwhichweareoppressed notonthe sitesfromwhichwedooppress. --GeorgeDei(anti-racist educator) 3) AnotherwomansaidfeminismisaWesternproject. Basu;talksabouttheway feminismisfocusedonWesternEuropeandthe UnitedStates. Eurocentrism:isthepracticeof viewingtheworldfromaEuropeanperspective,with animpliedbelief,eitherconsciouslyorsubconsciously,inthesuperiorityofEuropean www.notesolution.com animpliedbelief,eitherconsciouslyorsubconsciously,inthesuperiorityofEuropean (andmoregenerally,ofWestern)culture. Earlyfeminismwasallaboutsavingwomenfromnon-Westerncultures, from thelackofculturetherein. Womenaroundtheworldshareacommon senseofoppressionandthatto allievethatoppressionyouneedtobemorewesternized. Notallgroupssharethesameproblems,. LocalOrganizing Thinkingaboutfeminismlocallymeansdealingwiththeissuesgroupscareabout. SisonkeMsimang,youthactivist Clearhowfarapart we,as feminists,canbefromeachother. Findingconnectionsisimportant! Z AIDSisnotjustan Africanproblem Z Responsibility:howistheWestimplicatedintheHIVAIDSepidemic? Z Connectionsforgenderissues(sexualpressurewrtcondoms,etc) MothersofPlazade Mayo Asmallgroupofwomenwhodefiedthepowerofthegovernmentforthesake oftheirchildren,whohadbeenkidnappedbythegovernment. April30th,1977: motherswenttotheplaza,grewas the numberofmissing childrengrew.300-400, thenjoinedbyfathers,brothers,etc. ThemotherscontinuemarkingeveryThursday. Othergroupsaroundtheworldhaveadaptedthisstrategy. Adaptedtraditionalnotionsoffemininity. Politicalviolence. Theseareoftenoverlooked--womensmovementsarenotjustcreatedintheWest. TheSearchforanArab formtoFeminism--fromColonizeThis! FeministsintheMiddleEast:differentstandardoffeminismthatallowedthem tomaintaintheirculture. MakeSpace forIndigenousFeminism--JoyceGreen Racisminthecriminalsystem,addictionandthelegacyofcolonization. TheIndianAct ;]ZZZ]L72ZZ}ZZL2}KK]L]L2Z} isdefinedasIndiantocontroloverAboriginalpoliticalstructuresandland,to outlawingAboriginalculturalpractices. IfFirstNationswomenmarriednon-Indianmen,theywouldlosetheirnative status. NOTthesamewithmen! Feminism:are always about power relationsand social change. TheDimensionsofSuccess Howdoweknowwerebeingsuccessful? Didthedistributionoflabourchanging? Isthereachangeinwages? ExpressingFeminism LitaFontaine:ReclaimingAboriginalwomanhoodfromcolonialism,racismandsexism RadicalCheerleaders: Thinkaboutthefirstslide:whatisfeminismabout? Isitreallyabouttreatingthesexesequally? www.notesolution.com
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