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Woodsworth College Courses
Thomas Socknat

Jason Ho Canadian History Page 1 JWH100Y1 April 20, 12 Final Exam Study Notes Rebellions 1837 – 38 Political and/or Economical Colonial Discontent Political/Economic Oligarchy Contest between agriculture and commerce – Donald Creighton Lower Canada The Chateau Clique Appointed English businessmen contr olling power Decline of Seigneurial Power No longer have government power, and slowly turned over seigneurs to English. Rise of Middle Class English Merchants French Professionals locked because of controlled education. French economic discontent Overpopulation from families having 6 children to average of 12 Land shortages Agricultural crisis and famine – Fernand Ouellet Ethnic/religious disparity between English wealth and French farmers Patriote Movement controls Assembly Louis Joseph Papineau Ninety-two Resolutions 1834 sent to Britain is ignored Upper Canada Political discontent The Family Compact is family controlled with the same political ideology (Leader: John Strachan, adviser to the governors of Upper Canada) Alien Controversy where Americans cannot hold office Economic discontent Commercial class vs Agrarian class Commercial class wanted the establishment of banks and construction of canals to advance commerce Agrarian class wanted roads to promote agricultural market and viewed canals and banks of little benefit to them. Shortage of land Religious factor Pressure of Clergy Reserves Egerton Ryerson and Methodists/Quakers pushes for reform Reform Movement William Lyon Mackenzie a journalist turn politician call ing for reform Seventh Report of Grievances 1836 Appointed a Poor Law Admistrator as Governor British Response to Petitions 1837 For Maritimes Gradual reforms For the Canadas Ten Resolutions Denies all reform demands Reference: Lecture 08.docx (jwhL10.doc), Lecture 14.docx (jwhL21.doc), jwhL22.doc, Origins (Ch. 9, 12, 13), Destinies (Ch. 8, 10, 19) Jason Ho Canadian History Page 2 JWH100Y1 April 20, 12 Social Reform Movement Necessity for War or a middle -class response of industrialization and urbanization. Increasing Social Problems Industrialization Industrial factories began cropping up everywhere Urbanization Factories were more concentrated in cities Immigration Previous Response to Social Problems State run institutions Penitentiaries, Asylums, and Reformatories Emphasis on personal morality Individual vices causing social problems Rise of Social Gospel Change in thinking Providence to Progress Churches endorse reform Campaigns for Social Reform Organized through church, women’s, business groups Canadian Social Service Council founded 1914 Federation of various reforms causes Civic reform Urban reform Settlement houses Public health reform Education reform Child reform Prison reform Conservation reform Labour reform Two Popular Reforms Temperance/Prohibition Dominion Alliance Women’s Rights Suffrage Campaign Maternal vs Equality Both achieve wartime success Women and the War Wartime labour shortage led to wm oen replacing them in the workplace. Gender discrimination still prevailant Used their new position to raise social issues such as women’s suffrage, child labour, and conditions in jails and asylums. Enlistment shortage leds to talks of Conscription Union Government Women’s right to vote came in three stages: Military Voters Act of 1917, allowing women serving in the armed forces to vote Wartime Elections Act, allowing women with a close male relative serving to vote Reference: Lecture 08.docx (jwhL10.doc), Lecture 14.docx (jwhL21.doc), jwhL22.doc, Origins (Ch. 9, 12, 13), Destinies (Ch. 8, 10, 19) Jason Ho Canadian History Page 3 JWH100Y1 April 20, 12 In 1918, all women, recognized as British citizens in Canada over 21 gained the right to vote. Ploy to curry more votes in favour of Union Government and Conscription Temporary prohibition Prohibitionists argued resources being wasted on liquor production Prime Minister Borden prohibited the manufacture,
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