Study Guides (299,412)
CA (140,928)
UVic (487)
BIOL (77)
Midterm

BIOL 459 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Humoral Immunity, Blood Type, Bone Marrow

4 pages85 viewsFall 2017

Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 459
Professor
Roy Real
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Final Study Notes: Topic 7- Vaccines
Define:
Variolation
Vaccine
Inoculation of smallpox into Skin
Jenner inoculated cowpox to
prevent smallpox
vacca= cow
Suspension/fractions of organisms
that induce immunity
Effects of Vaccination
Provokes a primary immune response
Leads to formation of
antibodies/ memory cells
Produces rapid secondary response
What is herd immunity?
Immunity in most of the popn
Outbreaks are sporadic due to
lack of susceptible individuals
Immunizing the majority of
those that can will help protect
those that cannot get vaccines
Types of Vaccines
Live attenuated vaccines
Weakened pathogen; closely
mimics actual infection
Contributes to lifelong
cellular/humoral immunity
Inactivated killed vaccines
Safer than live!
Requires repeated boosters
Induce mostly humoral
immunity
Subunit vaccines
Antigenic fragments stimulate
immune response
Recombinant
Virus-like particles (do
not contain viral DNA)
Toxoids
Antitoxins
Conjugated vaccines
Used for children w/ poor
immune response
Nucleic Acid (DNA) vaccines
Injected naked DNA produces
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version


Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.