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ES 301 Midterm: ES 301 - Midterm 1

3 Pages

Environmental Studies
Course Code
ES 301
Anita Girvan

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MIDTERM 1 TERMS Political Ecology: Human/ecological interactions, power relationships. an urgent kind of argument or text [that]surveys both the status of nature and stories about the status of nature - involves the critical tools/technologies of the hatchet and seed. (p. 20) (Hatchet: critically deconstruct things that are not working but plant seeds to create a better future). How did we get here? (we being relative because not all humans are responsible). Through what cultural and material-ecological conditions? If current conditions were not necessarily inevitable, what alternatives are there to the paths were on? Anthropocene: The Anthropocene: conceptual and historical perspectives (Steffen et al., 2011). Definition: The Anthropocene is the current geological time-period in which humans are the primary force causing environmental change. It was caused by the rapid increase in population following the industrial revolution. A larger population required advancements in the fields of agriculture, transportation and technology to sustain it. Increased resource consumption by humans has led to various detriments to the environment which have become more apparent during the Great Acceleration. Political Ecology: The Anthropocene relates to political ecology as the term indicates an imbalance of power. This geological epoch should be the Holocene but because humans have taken over land without regard to any other species than ourselves, we deem it the age of the humans. Although we are in the Anthropocene, the benefit to humans is not worldwide. People in rich countries are accumulated wealth from industrialization while less fortunate countries are suffering for our gains. E.g. Peru (W2WC), economic growth (capital vs laborers), chicken bone accumulation from how many humans present. Blanketing all humans under one view. The Great Acceleration: The Anthropocene: conceptual and historical perspectives (Steffen et al., 2011). Definition: The Great Acceleration is a geological era within the Anthropocene which has occurred from the 1950s to the present. After World War ll there was significant population and economic growth, technological advancements and displacement from farmlands into urban areas. The augmented pressures on the environment contributed to increased greenhouse gas emission, the depletion of the ozone layer, and the loss of various ecosystems to name a few. Political Ecology: The Great Acceleration gained in economic growth and technological advancement at the cost of the environment. Farmlands were converted to factories and people were forced into urbanized areas; causing displaced socio-ecological relations. Through industrialization humans have become disconnected from nature. The Great Acceleration has increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere while decreasing biodiversity and ecosystem resilience far beyond the variability within the Holocene. Driven by developed countries at the expense of less developed country. Colonialism: Honoring the Truth: Reconciling for the future (TRC Committee of Canada), Enns, Simpson Definition: the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Political Ecology: Colonialism is in favour of the newcomer but doesnt look after the older brother that Enns describes. Reconciliation/ Reconcili-action Rediscovering Canadas Origin Story through Reconciliation (Enns). Definition: To restore/create mutually respectful relationships. The purpose of reconciliation is not to forget the past but to use it as a tool for creating better relations in the
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