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HSTR 337A- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 15 pages long!)


Department
History
Course Code
HSTR 337A
Professor
Matthew Koch
Study Guide
Midterm

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UVic
HSTR 337A
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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HSTR 337A
Dr. Matthew Koch
06, September, 2017
Lecture 1: Introduction
Q: What would be the main differences between the 13th century map of Italy and the
current date map of Italy?
A: Majority of Italy consisted out of papal states
Q: What caused Italy to become a series of papal states?
A: Italy was once the heart of the Roman Empire
- Going from the Roman Empire into a fragmented state
- Spanish and French were causing Italy to become a state for trade and
commerce
Roman Empire
- End of Western Empire 476
o Ruled from Rome
o Turmoil within the Empire; partition between East and West
- End of the Eastern Empire 1453
o Byzantine Empire was born afterwards
- Pressure from the north caused the Empire to spilt into East and West; Eastern
Empire was more sufficient and more sustainable than the West
- Western Empire, after 476, was mainly ruled within Italy for most of the centuries
- 476; Romulus Augustus; apposed by the Italian Senate, no longer merited the
Empire
o the Senate believed that the Western Empire was no longer needed and
headed to the East
- Constantinople/Byzantium was the capital of the Eastern Empire
o Named after Constantine the Great, a dominate figure during the 4th
century
Italy
- Odoacer; Germanic people from the north who took over parts of Italy
- 6th century: “the first renaissance”; Justinian I became famous for the law code
- Law code: a continuation of the Roman Law
- Justinian I ruled between 527-565
o his rule stretched from Iberia, Italy and North Africa
o Re-established a lot of control into Italy
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o However, Italy eventually could not control the Western Empire and began
to crumble and become chaotic
Destruction of Rome
- Justinian was determined to reconquer Italy
o Poured all resources from the Western Empire into the cause
o Italy, in result, became an intense battlefield
- Gothic Wars: 535-554, Western Roman Empire vs. Gothic Austrians
o Rome was besieged three times
o Each besiegement was horrible for the Roman Empire
- Longboards
o A Germanic tribe
o Arrived in Italy 567 and caused havoc until the 580’s
o Settled in many areas in Northern Italy
o Created the foundation of Venice
Took shelter in Rialto
Consequence: the Longboards slowly developed an important and
crucial city within Italy
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