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Philosophy 34-160 Final: Review Guide

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Final Exam Draft Media Checklist • Headline  misleading • Lead  “crackberry is no joke” and “similar to drug and alcohol addictions”  overexaggerating just like the headline, misleading • Balance  the article solely focuses on evidence that supports this particular study, doesn’t consider two sides of the situation presented or look for alternative hypotheses that might contradict to this finding (again, limited information on why the APA considers this not as an disorder) Topical Incompleteness  omitting vital detailed information that the readers need to understand the reported study • How the study was performed • Does not expand on “APA’s recognition of Internet addiction not as an disorder” • Merely focuses on the negative effects of technology  which goes back to the balance in the Media Checklist 4 overlapping strategies • 3 phases o Sample selection  only had 200 students from one university and the report is over-generalizing to “U.S. Students suffering from Internet addiction”  small sample too misleading (also, the study only examined on students: someone who relies or depends on Internet and technology to participate in school, ex. PowerPoint Slideshows or Word documents from professors, using laptops and electronic devices to take notes in class, not to mention those students who take online courses, they use more technological methods to learn and communicate with professors than other students  thus, sample is not representative at all) o Measuring instrument  report says little how the study was conducted, but briefly mentioned that the study asked the students to refrain from using all the media and technological devices for 24 hours. Students were then asked write how they feel about the experience. But information is still insufficient to judge whether the measuring instrument is reliable or valid. However, other methods could be used, maybe avoid the use of technology, ex. interviews and questionnaires that are more structured etc. (using technology to report it in a way contradicts the study and the irony) o Conclusions  the study concluded that students “show signs of withdrawal, craving and anxiety along with an inability to function well without their media and social links”; the report suggests that American students are addicted to their cellphones, social media including the Internet which are similar to substance addictions  Evidence in study  students reported their need to text, e- mail, and use Facebook (quotes students from their blog about their reactions)  Evidence in report  parents from South Korea, US ReSTART centre to help student cope with their “obsessions” Assessing Credibility (P.24) • Opportunity  being in a position to find out the truth about the issue at hand (asking questions and finding the truth/information about the source) o Did the person have an opportunity to discover or learn the truth of the matter? If so, how good was the opportunity? • Ability having the skill or competence needed to find out the truth, given the opportunity you had (did the
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