Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology 48-260 Final: Review Guide

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University of Windsor
Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology

Final Exam Outline Definitions: • Social Structure  the pattern of social organization and the interrelationships among institutions characteristic of a society (works at macro level) • Social Ecology  the attempt to link the structure and organization of any human community to interactions with its localized environment • Radical criminology  a perspective that holds that the causes of crime are rooted in social conditions that empower the wealthy and the politically well organized but disenfranchise the less fortunate • Deviance processing  eliminating threats to the upper class to control the lower class from overpowering the upper class (ex. rebels and protestors) • Cognitive dissonance  you engage in crime that is morally wrong, but you find that behaviour rewarding so you are psychologically uncomfortable • **White Collar Crime  a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of their occupation • **Muckrakers  firmly established the revelation of high-level wrongdoing as a legitimate journalistic enterprise (these people are interested in showing the public white collar crimes) • **Organized crime  The major difference between corporate and organized crime is that corporate criminals are created from the opportunities available to them in companies organized around doing legitimate business, whereas members of organized crime members must be accomplished criminals before they enter such groups, which are organized around creating criminal opportunities. o A type of enterprise crime o Aka corporate criminals use legal means whereas organized criminals use illegal means? • **Criminogenic market structure  an economic market that is structured in such a way that it tends to produce criminal behaviour (very difficult for the small companies to achieve what the big companies already achieved) Short Answer Questions Human Trafficking Documentary  Human trafficking and the sex market, like any other business, needs demand to continue to exist (includes pornography, street prostitution etc.)  most prostitutes are women and children  Anyone who exchanges money for sexual purpose is a buyer  Buyers vary in race, gender, and age  Most women have been manipulated to a different country and controlled by a pimp (often a male)  The pimps take every cent women make or they threaten to kill her or her family  The best to stop human trafficking is to eliminate buyers, because the market will not exist without demand Characteristic
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