48-260 Study Guide - Final Guide: Street Prostitution, Cognitive Dissonance

Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology
Course Code
SACR 2600
Study Guide

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Final Exam Outline
Social Structure the pattern of social organization and the interrelationships among
institutions characteristic of a society (works at macro level)
Social Ecology the attempt to link the structure and organization of any human
community to interactions with its localized environment
Radical criminology a perspective that holds that the causes of crime are rooted in
social conditions that empower the wealthy and the politically well organized but
disenfranchise the less fortunate
Deviance processing eliminating threats to the upper class to control the lower class
from overpowering the upper class (ex. rebels and protestors)
Cognitive dissonance you engage in crime that is morally wrong, but you find that
behaviour rewarding so you are psychologically uncomfortable
**White Collar Crime a crime committed by a person of respectability and high
social status in the course of their occupation
**Muckrakers firmly established the revelation of high-level wrongdoing as a
legitimate journalistic enterprise (these people are interested in showing the public white
collar crimes)
**Organized crime The major difference between corporate and organized crime is
that corporate criminals are created from the opportunities available to them in companies
organized around doing legitimate business, whereas members of organized crime
members must be accomplished criminals before they enter such groups, which are
organized around creating criminal opportunities.
oA type of enterprise crime
oAka corporate criminals use legal means whereas organized criminals use illegal
**Criminogenic market structure an economic market that is structured in such a
way that it tends to produce criminal behaviour (very difficult for the small companies to
achieve what the big companies already achieved)
Short Answer Questions
Human Trafficking Documentary
Human trafficking and the sex market, like any other business, needs demand to continue
to exist (includes pornography, street prostitution etc.)
most prostitutes are women and children
Anyone who exchanges money for sexual purpose is a buyer
Buyers vary in race, gender, and age
Most women have been manipulated to a different country and controlled by a pimp
(often a male)
The pimps take every cent women make or they threaten to kill her or her family
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