POL-2320 Study Guide - Final Guide: Calvin Helin, North American Free Trade Agreement, New Public Management

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Published on 6 Oct 2011
School
University of Winnipeg
Department
POLITICAL SCIENCE
Course
POL-2320
Professor
Final Exam Review:
-Choose 5 out of 8 questions. Each one worth 8 marks. For a total of 40 marks (40% of grade).
-Each question will consists of S.A., L.A., Definitions, and M.C. (Random)
-The exam will review the entire course with a heavier emphasis on 2nd term.
Before Mid-Term Stuff:
Mid-Term Exam Questions and Answers:
1. How are government and business/economics interdependent? Business relies on
government for a context conducive to good business practices, profit, and success.
Government relies on business for job creation, taxation revenue, innovation, etc.
2. Weber identified which organizational form as ideal for government? bureaucracy
3. Who is credited as the originator of the administrative theory we recognize as MBO? Peter
Drucker
4. What does MBO stand for? Management by Objectives
5. What is emergent leadership? The period just after a new leader has been put in place but
before that leader begins to exert his or her own brand of leadership style. This is a unique
period common to all organizational leadership change literature.
6. What type of leadership puts the needs of followers first? Servant Leadership
7. What type of leadership defines management as transactions? Transactional Leadership
8. Who identified these three types of authority or leadership: charismatic, traditional and
legitimate? Max Weber
9. In The Wisdom of Alexander the Great, the author identifies four leadership processes.
What term or theory does he use to describe these processes? Theory of Enactment – we
also accepted Leadership, though Enactment is the correct answer and the only answer for
the final. (The question here and below states leadership process, so that would not be the
answer!)
10. Identify one of the four leadership processes identified by Kurke in The Wisdom of
Alexander the Great. Building alliances, reframing problems, establishing identity,
directing symbols (page 1 of text)
11. According to both the author of The Wisdom of Alexander and management guru John
Maxwell, can leadership be learned? Yes
12. What is the simple definition of democracy presented in class? The right to choose one’s
leadership
13. Identify one of the three main characteristics of a state. Power, territorial boundaries,
complex set of institutions that wield public authority
14. What is a second characteristic of a state that you did not provide in the question above?
Power, territorial boundaries, complex set of institutions that wield public authority
15. Explain the term ‘responsible government.’ The ruling party must retain the confidence of
the other elected representatives. This is more than surviving non-confidence motions.
Non-confidence motions must be brought against action if there is not a specific bill that
must be defeated in the public interest.
16. What policy instrument of Canadian government is headed by a Cabinet Minister
administered by a Deputy Minister and represents a priority of the government of the day?
A Department.
17. What is “direct democracy”? Each eligible voter may cast a vote on every issue. Similar to
a referendum, this is like one person, one vote, but does not include elected
representatives (that is representative government)
18. What is the “rule of law?” no one is above the law (Magna Carta, England, 1215)
19. What is a public-private partnership (P3)? When government joins with business or
enterprise to deliver a public service, the resulting agreement is a public-private
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partnership
20. Define ‘representative democracy’ as we have it in Canada. Eligible citizens elect a
representative to serve their interests and vote on their behalf in the legislature
21. What does NPM stand for? New Public Management
22. There are a number of “business” principles now in Canadian governments. Please name
one of the recognized processes implemented as a result of NPM? User fees, contracting
out, client-orientation rather than citizen orientation, business/market principles into
government, greater cost efficiency for government
23. What is a Constitution? The written and unwritten conventions that guide society
24. What is one of the roles of the Canadian constitution identified in class? Orders the
relationship between the state and its citizens; order the relationship between citizens; in a
federal system, it orders the relationship among the difference levels of government
25. What does the term “federalism” mean? The constitutional division of equal but different
powers between a strong central government and strong regional or territorial
governments within a state
26. Which branch of government contains the Crown (Governor-General), the Prime Minister,
the Cabinet and the public service? Executive Branch
27. According to the readings, “Canadians elect representatives to take their concerns to
Parliament, where free and open debate about the merits of different positions take place”
(Inwood, 2006, p. 52). Which branch of government does this describe? Legislative Branch
28. Which branch of government contains the court system(s)? Judicial Branch
29. What is one of the functions of ideology? For its adherents, an ideology explains society
around them, provides for evaluation, orients its adherents, provides a political paradigm,
suggests a course for action
30. Which classic school of thought is represented in the following statement: Government
turns its institutions to develop policies designed to promote the social and economic
welfare of the common people. Socialism
31. Which classic school of thought asserts that Society requires a pragmatic yet principled
balancing of economic and social interests to maintain the effectiveness of the economy?
Classic Liberalism
32. Which classic school of thought maintains that fiscal prudence is critical for government,
and that Government should undertake activity that creates an economic climate
conducive to private sector growth and to investment? Classic Conservatism
33. What is the primary role of the Canadian federal Department of Finance? To monitor the
Canadian economy
34. Why is there a Canadian System of National Accounts? To assure fair and balances
assessment of the economy
35. Why is the Senate important to Canadian policy development? The Senate provides sober
second thought in the public interest to bills passed through the House of Commons.
36. Why is the House of Commons important to Canadian government? This is where laws are
made
37. According to the Introduction in Business and Government in Canada by Jeffrey Roy, what is
one of five challenges confronting business and government in Canada? Corporate
governance, lobbying and influence, security and privacy, public-private partnerships,
geography and development
38. What is the purpose of the North America Free Trade Agreement? To open commodity and
people exchange across the borders of Mexico, US and Canada by eliminating tariffs, duty,
etc.on goods produced in the three countries, between the three countries.
39. What is The Indian Act? Canadian legislation first passed in 1876 establishing the
Department of Indian Affairs, ordering and defining the relationship between First Nations
people and the Canadian government, defined who an “Indian” is and identified people as
“status” or “non-Status”, controlled life and lifestyle of First Nations/status people
40. Author Calvin Helin discusses and explores systemic barriers and inherent barriers as a
major theme throughout his book. What are these barriers to? Economic development on
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reserves
41. What is a Treaty? An eternal covenant between legal entities that cannot be altered,
ignored or modified
42. Name one systemic barrier identified in the assigned reading from Calvin Helin’s Dances
with Dependency? LACK OF ACCOUNTABILITY IN ALL LEVELS OF INDIGENOUS
GOVERNMENT. LACK OF TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE HANDLIN
GOF MONIES AND BUDGETS, POOR MANAGEMENT AND ALLOCATION OF MONIES,
CORRUPTION OR INEPTITUDE
43. Identify one of the inherent barriers to economic dependency presented by Calvin Helin.
DEPENDENCY MINDSET, WELFARE, LEARNED HELPLESSNESS, LATERAL VIOLENCE,
COMMUNITIES PAY LIP SERVICE TO UTILIZING THEIR OWN EDUCATED COMMUNITY
MEMBERS
44. Why does Calvin Helin maintain that there must be two economic strategies for Aboriginal
communities – one for urban-based Aboriginals and one for rural communities? One
strategy has not worked this far: 70% of Aboriginal people do not live in rural areas, and so
circumstances are very different for people in urban vs rural areas
45. What is a Briefing Note? A communication tool of government (used in business with
different names) that condenses a lot of material into one to two concise pages.
After Mid-Term Stuff:
Power, Trust, Balance (Leadership):
What is power?
What is power?
-Power is the ability to have influence over and/or control another's actions/decisions.
-Power is the ability to have influence over and/or control another's actions/decisions.
Why is corporate power important
Why is corporate power important
in the Canadian context?
in the Canadian context?
-Corporate power makes a unique contribution to the Canadian
-Corporate power makes a unique contribution to the Canadian economy. It shapes specific government
economy. It shapes specific government
decisions and it shapes the broader context of public policy.
decisions and it shapes the broader context of public policy.
-For example, Canadian governments frequently seek public approval
-For example, Canadian governments frequently seek public approval and re-election based on their
and re-election based on their
ability to promote economic prosperity.
ability to promote economic prosperity.
Which 5 challenges face
Which 5 challenges face
government/business relations in Canada?
government/business relations in Canada?
-
-Lobbying and influence
Lobbying and influence
-Corporate governance
-Corporate governance
-Security and privacy
-Security and privacy
-Public-private partnerships
-Public-private partnerships
-Geography and development
-Geography and development
What four characteristics do
What four characteristics do
government and business have in common?
government and business have in common?
-Have distinctive purposes and features.
-Have distinctive purposes and features.
-Create mechanisms for accountability
-Create mechanisms for accountability
-Create mechanisms for control
-Create mechanisms for control
-Create mechanisms for performance
-Create mechanisms for performance
What factors contribute to the
What factors contribute to the
ability of business groups to exercise power within the political and
ability of business groups to exercise power within the political and
economic systems?
economic systems?
-Outcome Manifestations
-Outcome Manifestations
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