Final Exam Review

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Political Science
Laura Reimer

Final Exam Review: -Choose 5 out of 8 questions. Each one worth 8 marks. For a total of 40 marks (40% of grade). -Each question will consists of S.A., L.A., Definitions, and M.C. (Random) nd -The exam will review the entire course with a heavier emphasis on 2 term. Before Mid-Term Stuff: Mid-Term Exam Questions andAnswers: 1. How are government and business/economics interdependent? Business relies on government for a context conducive to good business practices, profit, and success. Government relies on business for job creation, taxation revenue, innovation, etc. 2. Weber identified which organizational form as ideal for government? bureaucracy 3. Who is credited as the originator of the administrative theory we recognize as MBO? Peter Drucker 4. What does MBO stand for? Management by Objectives 5. What is emergent leadership? The period just after a new leader has been put in place but before that leader begins to exert his or her own brand of leadership style. This is a unique period common to all organizational leadership change literature. 6. What type of leadership puts the needs of followers first? Servant Leadership 7. What type of leadership defines management as transactions? Transactional Leadership 8. Who identified these three types of authority or leadership: charismatic, traditional and legitimate? Max Weber 9. In The Wisdom of Alexander the Great, the author identifies four leadership processes. What term or theory does he use to describe these processes? Theory of Enactment we also accepted Leadership, though Enactment is the correct answer and the only answer for the final. (The question here and below states leadership process, so that would not be the answer!) 10.Identify one of the four leadership processes identified by Kurke in The Wisdom of Alexander the Great. Building alliances, reframing problems, establishing identity, directing symbols (page 1 of text) 11.According to both the author of The Wisdom of Alexander and management guru John Maxwell, can leadership be learned? Yes 12.What is the simple definition of democracy presented in class? The right to choose ones leadership 13.Identify one of the three main characteristics of a state. Power, territorial boundaries, complex set of institutions that wield public authority 14.What is a second characteristic of a state that you did not provide in the question above? Power, territorial boundaries, complex set of institutions that wield public authority 15.Explain the term responsible government. The ruling party must retain the confidence of the other elected representatives. This is more than surviving non-confidence motions. Non-confidence motions must be brought against action if there is not a specific bill that must be defeated in the public interest. 16.What policy instrument of Canadian government is headed by a Cabinet Minister administered by a Deputy Minister and represents a priority of the government of the day? A Department. 17.What is direct democracy? Each eligible voter may cast a vote on every issue. Similar to a referendum, this is like one person, one vote, but does not include elected representatives (that is representative government) 18.What is the rule of law? no one is above the law (Magna Carta, England, 1215) 19.What is a public-private partnership (P3)? When government joins with business or enterprise to deliver a public service, the resulting agreement is a public-private partnership 20. Define representative democracy as we have it in Canada. Eligible citizens elect a representative to serve their interests and vote on their behalf in the legislature 21. What does NPM stand for? New Public Management 22. There are a number of business principles now in Canadian governments. Please name one of the recognized processes implemented as a result of NPM? User fees, contracting out, client-orientation rather than citizen orientation, business/market principles into government, greater cost efficiency for government 23. What is a Constitution? The written and unwritten conventions that guide society 24. What is one of the roles of the Canadian constitution identified in class? Orders the relationship between the state and its citizens; order the relationship between citizens; in a federal system, it orders the relationship among the difference levels of government 25. What does the term federalism mean? The constitutional division of equal but different powers between a strong central government and strong regional or territorial governments within a state 26. Which branch of government contains the Crown (Governor-General), the Prime Minister, the Cabinet and the public service? Executive Branch 27. According to the readings, Canadians elect representatives to take their concerns to Parliament, where free and open debate about the merits of different positions take place (Inwood, 2006, p. 52). Which branch of government does this describe? Legislative Branch 28. Which branch of government contains the court system(s)? Judicial Branch 29. What is one of the functions of ideology? For its adherents, an ideology explains society around them, provides for evaluation, orients its adherents, provides a political paradigm, suggests a course for action 30. Which classic school of thought is represented in the following statement: Government turns its institutions to develop policies designed to promote the social and economic welfare of the common people. Socialism 31. Which classic school of thought asserts that Society requires a pragmatic yet principled balancing of economic and social interests to maintain the effectiveness of the economy? Classic Liberalism 32. Which classic school of thought maintains that fiscal prudence is critical for government, and that Government should undertake activity that creates an economic climate conducive to private sector growth and to investment? Classic Conservatism 33. What is the primary role of the Canadian federal Department of Finance? To monitor the Canadian economy 34. Why is there a Canadian System of National Accounts? To assure fair and balances assessment of the economy 35. Why is the Senate important to Canadian policy development? The Senate provides sober second thought in the public interest to bills passed through the House of Commons. 36. Why is the House of Commons important to Canadian government? This is where laws are made 37. According to the Introduction in Business and Government in Canada by Jeffrey Roy, what is one of five challenges confronting business and government in Canada? Corporate governance, lobbying and influence, security and privacy, public-private partnerships, geography and development 38. What is the purpose of the North America Free Trade Agreement? To open commodity and people exchange across the borders of Mexico, US and Canada by eliminating tariffs, duty, etc.on goods produced in the three countries, between the three countries. 39. What is The Indian Act? Canadian legislation first passed in 1876 establishing the Department of Indian Affairs, ordering and defining the relationship between First Nations people and the Canadian government, defined who an Indian is and identified people as status or non-Status, controlled life and lifestyle of First Nations/status people 40. Author Calvin Helin discusses and explores systemic barriers and inherent barriers as a major theme throughout his book. What are these barriers to? Economic development on reserves 41.What is a Treaty? An eternal covenant between legal entities that cannot be altered, ignored or modified 42.Name one systemic barrier identified in the assigned reading from Calvin Helins Dances with Dependency? LACK OF ACCOUNTABILITY IN ALL LEVELS OF INDIGENOUS GOVERNMENT. LACK OF TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE HANDLIN GOF MONIES AND BUDGETS, POOR MANAGEMENT AND ALLOCATION OF MONIES, CORRUPTION OR INEPTITUDE 43. Identify one of the inherent barriers to economic dependency presented by Calvin Helin. DEPENDENCY MINDSET, WELFARE, LEARNED HELPLESSNESS, LATERAL VIOLENCE, COMMUNITIES PAY LIP SERVICE TO UTILIZING THEIR OWN EDUCATED COMMUNITY MEMBERS 44.Why does Calvin Helin maintain that there must be two economic strategies for Aboriginal communities one for urban-based Aboriginals and one for rural communities? One strategy has not worked this far: 70% of Aboriginal people do not live in rural areas, and so circumstances are very different for people in urban vs rural areas 45. What is a Briefing Note? A communication tool of government (used in business with different names) that condenses a lot of material into one to two concise pages. After Mid-Term Stuff: Power, Trust, Balance (Leadership): What is power? -Power is the ability to have influence over and/or control another's actions/decisions. Why is corporate power important in the Canadian context? decisions and it shapes the broader context of public policy.economy. It shapes specific government -For example, Canadian governments frequently seek public approval and re-election based on their ability to promote economic prosperity. Which 5 challenges face government/business relations in Canada? -Lobbying and influence -Corporate governance -Security and privacy -Public-private partnerships -Geography and development -Geography and development What four ch
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