[Anatomy and Cell Biology 3319] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (304 pages long!)

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Branches of anatomy: gross anatomy: study of body structures which can be viewed with the naked eye, histology (microscopic anatomy): study of body structures viewed with microscopes, neuroanatomy: gross & microscopic study of the nervous system. Anatomical position: standing erect, feet together, eyes forward, palms facing anteriorly, thumbs pointing away from body. Regions of the body: axial region: main axis of the body consists of: head, neck & trunk, appendicular region: limbs or appendages. Toward head end or upper part of the body; above. Away from head end or toward lower part of the body; below. Toward or at the front of the body; in front of breastbone is anterior to spine. Toward or at the back of the body; behind. Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of. Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of.