Anthropology 1025F/G Study Guide - Ethnology, Ethnography, Ambilineality
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Chapter 1: What is Anthropology?
Adaption: patterns of behavior which enable a culture to cope with its surroundings
Anthropology: The study of the human species and their immediate ancestors.
Applied anthropology: using the knowledge of anthropology to address human real-world
Archeological anthropology: The branch of Anthropology that reconstructs, describes and
interprets human behaviour and cultural patterns through the material remains; known for
Bio cultural: Refers to the inclusion and combination (to solve a common problem) of both
biological and cultural approaches.
Biological anthropology: The branch of anthropology that studies human biological diversity in
time and space. Ex: Hominids evolution, human genetics etc. (physical anthropology)
Cultural Anthropology: study of cultural variation and similarities. Includes ethnology and
anthropological linguistics. May also include archaeology.
Cultural resource management: A branch of applied anthropology aimed at preserving sites
of threatened by dams, highways and other projects.
Culture: Traditions and customs that govern behaviours and beliefs: distinctly human;
transmitted through learning.
Ethnography: Field work in a particular culture.
Ethnology: The theoretical, comparative study of society and culture (cultures in time and
Food production: Plant cultivation and animal’s domestication.
General anthropology: The field of anthropology as whole consisting of cultural, linguistics,
biological and archeological anthropology
Holistic: Interest in the whole human condition past, present, future: biological, language and
Linguistics anthropology: The branch of anthropology that studies linguistics variation in time
and space including interrelation between language and culture includes historical and
Science: A systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims through experiments to
produce reliable explanations of phenomena with reference to the material and physical field.
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