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Anthropology 1020E
Adriana Premat

1. Parts 1 (16 points) - definitions are provided and have to match them with the right terms 2. Part II (10 points) requires you to match phrases/slogans used in Crude Chronicles, Struggle for Maize and Sowing Change with their appropriate explanation 3. Part III (10 points) requires you to briefly describe 5 Latin American political figures noting the country they are associated with and the role-played by each. 4. IV (15 points) – define 5 out of 8 terms 5. Parts V (16 points) you have to answer 4 out of 6 short answer questions that connect concepts or arguments presented in the course and connect them primarily to movies watched or lecture material not covered in earlier exams. 6. Part VI (25 points) is primarily focused on concepts and arguments covered in Struggle for Maize and Sowing Change. Key Players Tupac Amaru: last indigenous monarch of the Inca state in Peru; executed by the Spanish Tupac Katari: leader of the independence activists in Bolivia and a leader of the indigenous people in their fight against Spanish colonialism in 1780s Nina Pacari: lawyer, CONAIE’s head of territorial concerns; calling for recognition of diversity; regional and ecological differences; territory not just land but associated with cultural identity; difference VS equality Rigoberta Menchu: member of K’iche’ Mayan ethnic group; her father was in guerrilla group fighting for land reform; her family killed; has story recorded; personal account of genocide during the presidency of Efrain Rios Montt; taken advantage of an anthropologist however Emiliano Zapata: fought in Mexico’s 1910 revolutionary war; campesino and indigenous background; fought against feudal system and for agrarian reform; EZLN named after Subcomandante Marcos: spokesman for EZLN; non-Mayan leader; supported by rural indigenous people in Chiapas Vicente Fox: president of Mexico 2000-2006; former director of Coca Cola Mexico Fulgencio Batista: President of Cuba 1940-1944; dictator 1952-1959; overthrown as a result of the Cuban revolution RauĺCastro: revolutionary leader, brother of Fidel; Minister of the FAR Fuerzas Armadas Revolicionarias); considered the “godfather of urban agriculture”; President of Cube 2008-now Fidel Castro: leader of the Cuban Revolution; prime minister 1959-1976 & president from 1976-2008 Che Guevara: Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerilla leader and military theorist; major figure of the Cuban Revolution Hugo Chav ́ez: Marxist Venezuelan politician and the President of Venezuela from 1999-2013 (death); known for his Bolivarian Revolution and his anti-imperialist and anti-neoliberal stance; nationalized the country’s oil industry; increased social programs for the poor; literacy campaign Evo Morales: leader of coca farmers, leader of the Campesino Union; presider of Bolivia since 2006 socialist party; opposed U.S attack on coca farmers = imprisoned; anti-poverty programs, agrarian reform and increased taxation of hydrocarbon industry; nationalized certain industries (energy, water, mining and telecommunications) Cristina and Neśtor Kirchner: Nestor lawyer active in Peronist part during 1970s; President of Argentina 2003-2007; Cristina president 2007-now; renegotiated national debt; nationalized oil industry, railway, telephone; policies aimed at stimulating the national economy, decreasing inequality Fernando Lugo: liberation theology priest and bishop; expelled from Paraguay in 1982 during Stroessner’s dictatorship; President of Paraguay from 2008-2012 Lula da Silva: President of Brazil 2003-2001; Union Leader and founder of the Workers Party; program to address social inequalities; food security and the Fome Zero program Vocabulary Campesino: malleable identity from the beginning; a political identity 1910-1930 revolution; symbol of the nation; collective identity against the state in the past under neoliberal policies Terrateniente: land owner; Fabian Corrals Terrateniente Discourse war against white and mestizos Machismo: manly Marianismo: womanly Compadrazgo: ritual kinship; patron-client relations Faena: community work Quichua or Quechua: Ecuador or Columbian language Aymara: indigenous natives of Bolivia, Peru and Chile; also a language Pachamama; Mother Earth Tahuantinsuyu: home to Inca Empire; flag with coloured bands to show diversity Nahuatl: the language of the Aztecs Milpa: small cultivated field in language of the Aztecs; field of corn and squash/beans Liberation theology: Paraguay Fernando Lugo bishop; political movement in Roman Catholic theology that interprets the teachings of Jesus in relation to a liberation from unjust economic, political or social conditions Concepts Globalization: shrinking of the world; erasure of boundaries; time-space compression; results in same-ness Multi-sited ethnography: attempt to encompass spatially uprooted phenomena; move away from stereotypes; tracing the whole; trace contradictions with expected and unexpected consequences Governmentality: shaping population behaviour not through force but though persuasion or voluntary cooperation; modern power regimes characterized by power that is de-centered dispersed and productive; not single entity but everywhere; conduct of conduct Globalism: an ideology that accompanies the talk of globalization; the market and globalization forces are beyond human agency; market is self-regulating Neoliberal policies: shrinking of the state to save money; state services
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