Study Guides (248,592)
Canada (121,624)
Anthropology (141)

Midterm #2 - study Questions and Notes Weeks 8 - 12

11 Pages

Course Code
Anthropology 1026F/G
Lisa Hodgetts

This preview shows pages 1,2 and half of page 3. Sign up to view the full 11 pages of the document.
WEEK EIGHT BETWEEN HOMO ERECTUS AND HOMO SAPIENS November2710 628 PM What physical traits characterized Homo heidelbergensis What was their geographical and temporal range How did they differ from Homo erectus and from anatomically modern humans The physical traits of Homo heidelbergensisare An increase in brain size early Homo approximately 900 cc heidelbergensis specimens approximately 1200ccA shift from the widest part of the brain case from the cranial base to the parietal regionsThe rear of the cranial vault becomes more verticalA gradual reduction in cranial robusticityA decline in postcranial robusticity alsoA tendency for a shift from shorter more robust stature to taller more leaner bodies What do we know about the physical attributes and intellectual capabilities of Neandertals When and where did they live How did they differ from anatomically modern humans had more pronounced versions of cranial features of H heildelbergensisforeheads still sloped backs of their skulls broad brow ridges were still large but were more curved to the shape of the eyes as opposed of the straight line that goes across the forehead face was large and prognathous broad nasal opening and wideset eyes chin was recedingbones were more robust and have heavier muscles markings than their modern counterparts stocky short 56males 53femaleslarnyx of Neandratals was higher in throat than in modern humanselaboration of Levallois stone making technique to the Mousterian techniqueMousterian a toolmaking tradition associated with the European Neathdertals involved careful retouching of flakes taken off coresthe first to haft a stone pointhaft to attach a wooden handle or shaft to a tone or bone point among the first to care for their elderly ill and injuredcannibalism they did talk the vocal tract of the Neandertals was like ours and that they could make all the sounds of which we are capableWhat tool technologies are associated with H heidelbergensis and with H neanderthalensis How do they differ from earlier tool traditions H heidelbergensis Acheulian the toomaking tradition of Homo erectus including hand axes cleavers and flake tools hand axe a bifacial symmetrical allpurpose tool first produced by Herectusbifacial a stone tool that has been worked on both sidesMovius line a geographic break between the manufacture of hand axes and that of simple stone chopping tools Hand axes appear to the west of this line Eastern India but not often the east of itH neaderthalensis Levallois a tooltechnology involving striking uniform from a prepared oneMousterian a toolmaking tradition associated with the European Neadertalshaft to attach a wooden handle or shaft to a stone or bone pointHomo antecessor a newly proposed species from Spain dated at 780 000 ya or more The fossils show a mix of primitive and modern features and are interpreted by their discoveries as possibly ancestral to H heidelbergensis and H heidelbergensis encephalization is defined as the amount of brain mass exceeding that related to an animals total body mass postorbital constrictionis a narrowing of the cranium skull just behind the eye sockets the orbits hence the name in primatesincluding primitive hominids Marcellin BouleHe studied and published the first analysis of a complete Homo neanderthalensis The fossil discovered in La ChapelleauxSaints was an old man and Boule characterized it as brutish bent kneed and not a fully erect bipedLower PalaeolithicMiddle PalaeolithicHomo floresiensis a proposed new species from the Indonesian island of florence dated as recently as 13 000 ya and characterized by a dimunitive body size 35 and small brain H florensis Is however associated with stone tools hunting and fire Lower Pleistocene term used to label the earliest period of hominid toolmaking in Africa Europe and Asia dates to as much as 25 mya in Africa to about 250 000 ya throughout the Old WorldMiddle Pleistocene part of the Pleistocene from 780 000 to 200 000 yaUpper Pleistocene part of the Pleistocene from 200 000 to 10 000 yaWEEK NINE ANATOMICALLY MODERN HUMAN AND UPPER PALAEOLTICNovember2810 1201 AM What anatomical traits characterize anatomically modern humans Homo sapiensWhen and where did they emerge 300 000 yaappear earliest in Africa later in southwest Asia Europe and eat Asiamigrated to Australia islands of the Pacific and north and South AmericaHomo sapiens the taxonomic name for modern and some premodern humans There is some debate as to whether or not this name cover certain fossil forms
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2 and half of page 3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.