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Linguistics Lecture Notes.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 1027A/B
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
LinguisticsLectureNotes11272013IntroductiontoLinguisticsWhatislinguisticsScientificstudyoflanguageHowitworkshowitisusedhowitchangesWhatdoesitmeantoknowalanguageReadingandwritingisapproximately5000yearsoldVerbalcommunicationisapproximately500000yearsoldOnly50ofthe7000languagesintheworldarewrittenLanguagevariesacrosstimedistanceandageWhatisLanguageLanguagemakesushumanInnateabilitytolearnlanguageAllhumanslearnalanguageChildrenlatchontoalanguagebytheageof6LanguageplaysanimportantroleinCommunicationConveyingthoughtsandemotionsDifferentiatinggroupssocialnationalandculturalLanguageisasystemregulatedbyrulesgrammarLinguistsusingthewordgrammararereferringtotherulesthatregulategrammarnotinthesamecontextasateachermightteachingradeschoolLanguageisacreativesystemlexiconandgrammarLanguageisnotwritingManycountriesandlanguagesdonotusewritingLanguageisoralorsignedLinguisticKnowledgeMostlyunconsciousLinguisticCompetenceWhatyouknowAbilitytoproduceandunderstandanunlimitednumberofutterancesAbilitytorecognizewhatdoesnotbelonginalanguageorisnotacceptableWhichcouldbepossibleEnglishwordsMboodFrallCoofpKtleemSprokeFlubeWordmsBsarnIfitssomethinganativespeakerwouldnotsayitisconsideredunacceptableSentencesthatseemwrongmaybecorrectinadifferentcontextLinguisticPerformanceHowyouuseitWhatwesayandunderstandonagivenoccasionMaycontainerrorsIncompleterepresentationofcompetenceWhatLinguistsDoAnalysisofrulesystemgrammarComponentsofgrammarPhoneticssoundsofthelanguagePhonologysignificantsoundsofthelanguageExampleballsandbatsdonothavethesamessoundDescribegrammarAlllanguageshavegrammarAllgrammarsareequaltolinguistsAllgrammarsaregoodenoughforhumanexpressionAlllanguagesandgrammarschangeovertimeAllgrammarsarealikeinbasicwaysTrackgrammaticalchanges
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