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Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2216F/G
Professor
All Professors
Semester
N/A

Description
TOURISM -The needs of the present determine the value and nature of the primitive -Coeval: of the same era or period -Primitive as denial of coevalness: special distance/distance in time, not part of contemporary, primitive means first/early, not same history, earlier version of us -“Live In A Timeless World” not coeval, Westerners play into this idea desire to get away from 9-5 routine Film: Cannibal Tours Dennis O’Rourke 1987: far worse after tourists have left therefore natives feel even more marginalized, reciprocity doesn’t work after money-economy has been introduced, gender relations have changed in that women selling more goods than male counterpart (textiles VS carvings) -Bruner – Of Cannibals, Tourists and Ethnographers: tourism like ethnography not equipped to handle first contact rather does best after other European civilizations have been there (AKA after primitive culture has been conquered, it can be reconstituted in tourism). Colonialism, ethnography and tourism have much in common, they arise from same social formation. For the natives’ col, eth and tourism are all the same in the sense of foreigners with money and power. To them, we are the other. Tourism has less to do with what other people are really like and more to do with how we imagine them. In tourism the 3 world becomes a playground of the Western imagination. -Silverman – Cannibalizing, Commodifying, or Creating Culture: Film does as much to erase or deny empowerment of local people as the tourists it criticizes. Clash between Western desire for an authentic primitive and local anguish at lack of money (basically prostitute culture to earn a few dollars). Tourism is a process that exclusively erodes cultural authenticity. He argues that tourism affords the Sepik people with opportunities for asserting various forms of cultural hybridity, resistance and aesthetic innovation. REALITY COMES TO VANUATU -Modernity? : many different concepts get deployed in a differential, contingent and relational manner -Things get attributed to modernity which results in claims that some people are more or less modern, or that some people have more of it than others or that it is achievable, accessible or out of reach -How we present the world affects how we act towards it -Problematic depictions by Survivor / Robinson Crusoe Film: th -Delisle – Surviving American Cultural Imperialism, Survivor and Traditions Of 19 C Colonial Fiction: Quest for authenticity problematic, the presence of any outsider affects the culture by making the culture a spectacle subject to economic exchange. Host culture aware of this desire and responds by enacting elements of culture for capital and keeping real lives hidden. “Staged Savagery” is a well established commodity in many tourist destinations. Reality TV, whose reality is it? Those who can decide what is represents reality have great power. Survivor simulates colonization in following ways: 1. Thru picturesque depictions of the landscapes as anachronistic space. 2. The slippery rep of the Native, 3. The representation of imperial agents in the form of American protagonists (tribe has spoken, symbolic tribal war). -Rodman and Rodman – To Die On Ambae: wrote about illness in the context of fieldwork. Ways in which out direct involvement in the politics of curing, shed light on our relationship with people in the host community. Becoming burden for host = hidden costs of fieldwork for anthropologist and host. -Troost – Getting Stoned With Savages: Kava, beverage derived from pepper shrub roots, found on most islands of Melanesia and Polynesia. Typically social event, spiritual. VANUATU: MAGIC OF MODERNITY -Kastom: Bislama word that loosely translates as tradition, but evokes not so much the totality of ancestral practices as a particular selection of such practices for the present (Jolly) -Kastom seen as direct opposition to the practices (actions, behaviour, possessions) of the west or of white men. -Kastom reflects a complex self-consciousness about history and development in Vanuatu -Kastom refers to the body of artifacts, practices, knowledge and representations that are used to construct ‘indigenous’ culture in Vanuatu. It does this by building on a view of a collective past in the present. This idea of a collective past that is active in the present acts to almost skip or bypass the colonial period. -In this way, Kastom also works to establish the legitimacy of a modern indigenous political economy and Vanuatu as an independent natio
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