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Final

Biology 2483A Study Guide - Final Guide: Diversity Index, Trophic Cascade, Keystone Species


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIOL 2483A
Professor
Graeme Taylor A Sheila Macfie
Study Guide
Final

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UNIT 5 COMMUNITIES & UNIT 6
PRODUCTION
Oct 24:
taxonomic affinity
分类亲和力
guild
公会
functional group
官能团
Rhizobia
根瘤菌
trophic levels
营养级
energy pyramid
能量金字塔
food web
食物网
interaction web
互动网
species diversity
物种多样性
species richness (s)
物种丰富度
species evenness
物种均匀度
Shannon Diversity Index (H)
香农多样性指数(H)
pi
pi
biodiversity
生物多样性
rank abundance curve
等级丰度曲线
species area curve (species
accumulation curve)
物种面积曲线(物种积累曲
线)
species composition
物种组成
direct and indirect interactions
直接和间接互动
trophic cascade
营养级联
trophic facilitation
营养促进
competitive networks
竞争网络
species interaction strength
物种相互作用强度
interactor species
相互作用种
target species
目标物种
keystone species
关键物种
foundation species
基础种
redundant species
多余的物种
ecosystem engineer(s).
生态系统工程师。
Oct 29:
agent of change
变革的推动
disturbance
骚乱
stress
强调
succession
演替
primary succession
初次继承
pioneer species
先锋物种
intermediate species
中间物种
climax community
高潮社区

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secondary succession
次生继承
Cowles' space for time substitution
考尔斯的时间替代空间
Clement's super-organisms concept
of succession
克莱门特的超级生物继承
概念
Gleason's individualistic concept of
succession
格里森的个人主义继承概
Elton's interactive concept of
succession
埃尔顿的互动式继承概念
Facilitation Model of Succession
继任促进模
Tolerance Model of Succession
继承宽容模
Inhibition Model of Succession
继承抑制模
facilitation
便利化
inhibition
抑制
stable community
稳定的社区
alternative stable states
替代稳态
hysteresis.
磁滞现象。
Oct 31:
biogeography
生物地理学
ubiquitous
无处不在
endemic
地方性的
gamma diversity. beta diversity
伽玛多样性。贝塔多样性
alpha diversity
阿尔法多样
Wallace's line
华莱士的台
plate tectonics
板块构造
Pangaea
潘吉亚
Laurasia
劳拉西亚
Gondwona
贡沃纳
phylogeny
系统发育
vicariance
戒备
biodiversity hot spot
生物多样性热点
MacArthur & Wilson's Theory of
Island Biogeography.
麦克阿瑟和威尔逊的岛屿
生物地理学理论。
Nov 12:
species supply filter
物种供应过滤器
abiotic filter
非生物滤池
biotic filter
生物过滤器
non-native species
非本地物种
invasive species
入侵物种
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ballast water
压载水
biotic resistance
生物抗性
resource (niche) partitioning
资源(利基)分区
resource spectrum
资源范围
MacArthur's warblers
麦克阿瑟的鸣鸟
structural complexity
结构复杂度
Paradox of the Plankton
浮游生物的悖论
limnetic zone
边缘区
tc, te
tc,te
Intermediate Disturbance
Hypothesis
中级干扰假
Lottery Model
彩票模型
community function
社区功能
ecosystem services
生态系统服
Complementary Hypothesis
互补假设
Redundancy Hypothesis
冗余假设
Idiosyncratic Hyothesis
异质假说
Nov 14:
production
生产
productivity
生产率
gross primary production (GPP)
初级生产总值(GPP)
net primary production (NPP)
净初级生产(NPP)
leaf area index (LAI)
叶面积指数(LAI)
allocation of energy
能量分配
remote sensing
遥感
eddy covariance tower
涡度协方差
net ecosystem exchange (NEE)
净生态系统交换(NEE)
leaching
浸出
hypoxia
缺氧
carbon sink
碳汇
carbon source
碳源
cyanobacteria
蓝细菌
Experimental Lakes Area (ELA)
实验湖区(ELA)
picoplankton
浮游生物
UNIT 6 ECOSYSTEMS & UNIT 7
APPLIED AND LARGE-SCALE
ECOLOGY
Lecture: Energy flow and food
webs:
trophic level
营养级
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