Classics 1000 .docx

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Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
David Lamari

LEC 01 Greek and Roman Civilization 9172012 31600 PM Why study Greek Classical Heritage Sports democracy architecture theatre Articulate concerned about affairs persuasive rewardingworthwhile to read testament of human value defensive mindsetfascinatingChronology 730 430 11 430700 430 BC 430 BCE AD 430 430 CE st1 Century BC1001 BCThe Ages of Greek History 30001200 BC Bronze Age 1200750 BC IronDark Age 659480 BC Archaic Age 480323 BC The Classical Age 32330 BC The Hellenistic Age Invented by Modern ScholarsGreek Timeline Bronze Age 30001200 BC Early form of Greek language Did not behave in true Greek way not very typical Palace stagegreat kingdomsempires collapsed leading toIron Age 1200750 BC Leading toArchaic Period 750480 BC Begins creating naked statues beginning of the GreeksClassical Period 480323 BC Developed sense of identityfree people liberation Perfect museum artifacts parthenol building in Athens Big dateAlexander the Great passed 323Hellenistic Period 32330 BC Once passed empire starts dividing the culture chaotic Huge empires last piece of Alexandre absorbed by the Romans in 30 Egypt taken by the Romans no more independents of Roman historyGreek CultureThe Minoans 30001050 BCPrehistoric Greece 40000750 BC Primary anything from ancient world ie written worksdepiction on temple and Secondary Sources scholars perspective on that culture ie Textbook Prehistoric Primary sources acts or list of events hard to decipher meaning Palaeolithic Era 50000010000 BC early stone age Mesolithic Era 100007000BC middle Neolithic Era 70003000Bc new Agricultural Revolution Bronze Age 30001150 BCWhy are the ages divided to different stones Divided into the age of each development of stoneseven for literature ie Illiterate literate Tells you more about people by stone bronze iron The tools definesshapes who you are Karl Marx People care for inheritance institutions to protect the land Material world creates our existence Huntergatherers vs farmersIndoEuropean Most languages have the same basic similar bloodstock They spread their language called IndoEuropean Independent languages cannot be deciphered unrelatedCrete and King Minos Knossos Thalassocracy Centered on island of Crete independent of IndoEuropean Minos had Empire at Knossos which was thalassocracy Seapower Naval Dominated their neighbours incl Greeks King Minos wife fell in love with a bull and made contraptions to have sex with it got pregnant gave birth to bastard child husband was horrified The Minotaur was born hidden away in Labyrinth Same Greek inventor of labyrinth made the maze where once in always lost underground Minos demand 7 boys and 7 girls virgins annual shoved into maze and got eaten Minotaur Young Greek Prince found intolerable and volunteered to be one of 14 Minos daughter fell in love with Prince gave him swordthreadand told him to kill Minotaur Kills Minotaur dumps princess and dumps her on island How Greeks freed from bondage Hunger Games Scholars attempted to dig for palace around Knossos Typical settlement couple walls and templemost sophisticated Palace at Knossos The Minoanson Crete 32 acres 3 stories tall more than three football fields Dated well before archaic 25002000 Bronze Labeled them Minoans after King Minos Agglutinative historically significant Add on rooms never tear them down building bigger and bigger mazelikeMinoan Crete 30001000 BC Crete connects w Near East c 1800 Not much resources however very important trade place enabled power Crete connected to Egypt and pooled cultures of Near East great civilizationPersia Syria Egypt Babalon Crete traded and generate profit creating dominant power C 1750 palaces damagedCrete unified Palaces were damaged Crete was unified similar architecture and imagery aftermath was that they banded togetherReason unknownConqueror Earthquake Liberation C 1400 most Minoan palaces burned marked the endPalace Culture Centralized government Palaces were administrated centres which dominated the lives of the people everything gets routed through the palace like communism food grown brought to palace and distributed marriage religious sacrifice craftsmen all for palace legal and economic Invention of Bronze creating alloy for useful tools not everyone is farmer Promotes civilization Organize collection of human beings what you do is for the centre5 chosen to do things other than farmingThats all you do and descendants Eg jewelry musicians symbols developing crafts and passed on
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