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Classics 1000 .docx

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 1000
David Lamari

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LEC 01: Greek and Roman Civilization 9/17/2012 3:16:00 PM
Why study Greek?
Classical Heritage: Sports, democracy, architecture, theatre
Articulate, concerned about affairs, persuasive, rewarding/worthwhile to read, testament of human
value, defensive mindset-fascinating
730 430 1---1 430 700
430 BC; 430 BCE
AD 430; 430 CE
1st Century BC=100-1 BC
The Ages of Greek History
3000-1200 BC: Bronze Age
1200-750 BC: Iron/Dark Age
659-480 BC: Archaic Age
480-323 BC: The Classical Age
323-30 BC: The Hellenistic Age
Invented by Modern Scholars
Greek Timeline: Bronze Age: 3000-1200 BC
Early form of Greek language
Did not behave in “true Greek” way, not very typical
Palace stage-great kingdoms/empires, collapsed leading to……..
Iron Age: 1200-750 BC
Leading to…..
Archaic Period: 750-480 BC
Begins creating naked statues, beginning of the “Greeks”
Classical Period: 480-323 BC
Developed sense of identity-free people, liberation
Perfect museum artifacts, parthenol (building in Athens)
Big date-Alexander the Great passed 323
Hellenistic Period: 323-30 BC

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Once passed, empire starts dividing the culture, chaotic
Huge empires, last piece of Alexandre, absorbed by the Romans in 30
Egypt taken by the Romans, no more independents of Roman history
Greek Culture
The Minoans (3000-1050 BC)
“Prehistoric” Greece 40,000-750 BC
Primary (anything from ancient world ie. written works-depiction on temple) and Secondary
Sources (scholar’s perspective on that culture ie. Textbook)*
Prehistoric Primary sources (acts or list of events, hard to decipher meaning)
Palaeolithic Era (500000-10000 BC) early stone age
Mesolithic Era (10000-7000BC) middle
Neolithic Era (7000-3000Bc) new
-Agricultural Revolution
Bronze Age (3000-1150 BC)*
Why are the ages divided to different “stones"?
Divided into the age of each development of stones. (even for literature ie. Illiterate, literate)
Tells you more about people by stone, bronze, iron
The tools defines/shapes who you are (Karl Marx)
People care for inheritance, institutions to protect the land
Material world creates our existence
Hunter/gatherers vs farmers
Most languages have the same basic (similar bloodstock)
They spread their language called “Indo-European”
Independent languages cannot be deciphered, unrelated
Crete and King Minos; Knossos, Thalassocracy
Centered on island of Crete, independent of Indo-European
Minos had Empire at Knossos, which was thalassocracy (Sea-power) Naval
Dominated their neighbours, incl. Greeks
King Minos, wife fell in love with a bull and made contraptions to have sex with it, got pregnant,
gave birth to bastard child, husband was horrified

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The Minotaur was born hidden away in Labyrinth
Same Greek inventor of labyrinth made the maze where once in, always lost underground, Minos
demand 7 boys and 7 girls (virgins), annual shoved into maze and got eaten Minotaur
Young Greek Prince, found intolerable and volunteered to be one of 14, Minos daughter fell in love
with Prince, gave him sword/threadand told him to kill Minotaur
Kills Minotaur, dumps princess and dumps her on island
How Greeks freed from bondage Hunger Games
Scholars attempted to dig for palace around Knossos (Typical settlement: couple walls and temple-
most sophisticated)
Palace at Knossos, The Minoans-on Crete
3.2 acres; 3 stories tall (more than three football fields)
Dated well before archaic, 2500-2000 (Bronze)
Labeled them Minoans after King Minos
Agglutinative; “historically significant” Add on rooms, never tear them down, building bigger and
bigger: maze-like
“Minoan” Crete, 3000-1000 BC
Crete connects w/ Near East c. 1800
Not much resources, however, very important trade place (enabled power)
Crete connected to Egypt and pooled cultures of Near East (great civilization-Persia, Syria, Egypt,
Babalon) Crete traded and generate profit creating dominant power
C. 1750, palaces damaged & Crete unified
Palaces were damaged, Crete was unified, similar architecture and imagery, aftermath was that
they banded together. Reason unknown. Conqueror? Earthquake? Liberation?
C. 1400, most Minoan palaces burned, marked the end
Palace Culture
Centralized government
Palaces were administrated centres which dominated the lives of the people (everything gets
routed through the palace, like communism, food grown brought to palace and distributed,
marriage, religious sacrifice, craftsmen, all for palace legal and economic)
Invention of Bronze creating alloy for useful tools, not everyone is farmer
Promotes civilization
Organize collection of human beings, what you do is for the centre. 5% chosen to do things other
than farming. That’s all you do and descendants. Eg) jewelry, musicians, symbols developing
crafts and passed on
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