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Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
Kelly Olson

B OOKS , W RITING , & EDUCATION Reading: P&P page numbers 136-137, and passage numbers 4.1- 4.17 Angela pp. 140-145, 248-252. Books • Written on papyrus rolls • (Pith of a water plant which has been pressed, dried, and polished) • Written in 2 or three vertical columns • Books not common until the 5th century BCE • Ink was black carbon gum and water • Then the edges were smoothes and tinted black • Attached to a pair of smooth rollers • Scroll was dipped in cedar oil to protect from insects and a titulus attached to identify the work • Book scrolls were placed in pigeonholes or buckets for storage • The codex as a book form was adopted by the Christians in the 1st century CE but it was not common until the middle ages • Some book rolls were illustrated (scientific or sex manuals) • Papyrus often used in mummy wrapping Publishing • No such thing (as we know it) • Scrolls in antiquity were copied and re-copied by slaves (scribes) from dictation or sight • Many errors • ‘Classical texts’today are surviving medieval copies of these ancient book rolls • Earliest is 4th century CE • Modern additions: lower-case letters, spaces between words, punctuation • Most books were expensive • Although books were stolen (copied illegally) and sold • Authors copies available • Secondhand bookstores also existed Tablet and Stylus • The Romans also wrote on wax wooden tablets • With a stylus (one pointed, one flat end) • Wax tablets could have one or more leaves, which could then be tied up together almost none have survived • The stylus had a pointed end and a flat end Libraries • Most famous, library of Alexandria • Personal libraries were common • Aristotle was the first to collect books and systematically arrange them, at the Lyceum in Athens • Likely the model for the largest library in antiquity the Library atAlexandria (est. 4th century BCE) • 100,000-700,00 book rolls • Burned down in 47 BCE Libraries inAncient Rome • Originally stocked with book rolls snatched as loot • Private and public libraries in Rome had separate rooms for Greek and Latin works • Gaius Asinius Pollo fo
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