INTRODUCTION ; ROMAN SOCIAL STRUCTURE
P&P page numbers 1-5, 357-358, and passage numbers 1.13-1.21, 1.23-1.34, 1.35-1.150.
Angela pp. 19-21, 65-67, 129-131, 137-139
Outline of Roman History (on Sakai)
History of Rome
• Regal period 753-510 BCE (ruled by kings)
• Republic 510-27 BCE
• Imperial Period/Empire 27 BCE – 476 CE
• All political positions were unpaid therefore most were held by men in the upper class.
• 2 people were elected annually.
• Chief magistrates of the Roman Republic.
• Had to abdicate at the year’s end.
• Power to veto prevented the abuse of power by either.
• Imperium (‘the power to command’armed forces).
• Appointed only in times of emergency.
• Replaces the consuls.
• 6-month limit.
• Supreme military authority.
• Acouncil of elders recruited from ex-magistrates.
• 300-600 members.
• The most powerful force in Republican Rome (even though the consuls are the highest-ranking authority.
In the imperial period, the highest-ranking man was the emperor.
Roman Class System
1. The Senatorial Ordo
• Ordo: Latin word meaning division or class.
• First and highest class in ancient Rome.
• Senatorial Order.
• Most prestigious class.
• Small circle of families with high birth, excellence, wealth.
• Property requirement: 1 million HS (sesterces).
• Not a hereditary aristocracy.
• Two separate division within the Senatorial Ordo: Patricians & Nobilis.
• Families of great antiquity, prominent during the Republic (influential in Roman Histo