R OMAN C LOTHING AND A DORNMENT
Angela pp. 45-62, 346-347.
• The romans attached great importance to distinctions in dress.
• Important to visualize the social hierchy
The Tunic (Tunica)
• Men of all ages and ranks wear this
• Simple short-sleeved underdress.
• Tunics with long sleeves were considered effeminate.
• The toga is a public display garment.
• The tunic was much more comfortable.
• Fabric of the tunic depended on one’s financial means
• Wealthy men: soft wool or expensive linen.
• Poor men and slaves: whatever fabric was available.
• Cloth was expensive in a way unknown today
• Secondhand clothing dealers existed
• Cumbersome garment of wool
• Could use up to 10 yeards of material
• Different togas for different situations and statuses
• Only male citizens could wear them
• Lati clavi:
• Two wide purple stripes on the shoulders of the tunic
• Toga praetexta (if you are a senator holding office)
• Purple border on the upper edge of the toga
• Calcei: black or red shoeboots.
• Narrow stripes on the tunic
• Gold ring
• Toga (perhaps short or scanty if they were poor)
• Symbol of Roman citizenship
• But also of peace, the civilian life, the toil of the city
• Togas were expensive; poor men may not have owned them
• But without the toga - ? one could look like a slave.
• Wore a tunic
• They might wear shabby clothing appropriate to their station
• Or might be fancily dressed and showily ornamented
Free Citizen Boys
• Toga praetexta (purple stripe) wards off ill chance and accident
• Lets people know they are unavailable for sexual purposes.
• Bulla: bubble-shaped pendant, as an apotropaic device and to indicate he is a citizen • There was no LEGAL hierarchy of clothing in antiquity
• But there was an unofficial system of signs which was understood and acknowledged.
• But clothing also indic